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Description

A currency, in the most specific sense is money in any form when in use or circulation as a medium of exchange, especially circulating banknotes and coins. A more general definition is that a currency is a system of money in common use, especially for people in a nation. Under this definition, U.S. dollars (US$), euros (€), Japanese yen (¥), and pounds sterling (£) are examples of currencies. These various currencies are recognized as stores of value and are traded between nations in foreign exchange markets, which determine the relative values of the different currencies. Currencies in this sense are defined by governments, and each type has limited boundaries of acceptance.

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Organizations relating to Currency

Agreement Concerning the Collection of Bills, Drafts, 1957 / Est. 1957
Money Orders and Postal Travellers Cheques Agreement, 1979 / Est. 1979
Giro Agreement, 1979 / Est. 1979
Provisions for a Unit of Account and Adjustment of Limitations of Liability / Est. 1982
Convention for the Unification for the Law of Bills of Exchange and Cheques / Est. 1912
Convention for the Settlement of Certain Conflicts of Laws in Connection with Cheques / Est. 1931
Group of Eight
Inter-American Convention on Conflict of Laws Concerning Bills of Exchange, Promissory Notes and Invoices / Washington DC, USA / Est. 1975
Agreement Concerning Transfers to and from Postal Cheque Accounts, 1957 / Est. 1957
Single Global Currency Association / Newcastle ME, USA / Est. 2003
Protocol Amending the International Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to Bills of Lading / Est. 1979
EUROGIRO - Giro, Postbank, Commercial Bank Payment Institutions Organizations Worldwide / Copenhagen, Denmark / Est. 1990
West African Monetary Institute / Accra, Ghana / Est. 2000
United Nations Convention on International Bills of Exchange and International Promissory Notes / Vienna, Austria / Est. 1988
Zone franc / Paris, France / Est. 1939
Collection of Bills Agreement / Est. 1984
Convention Regarding Booklets of Travellers\' Postal Vouchers in the Relations between Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden / Est. 1937
Monetary Committee of the Franc Zone / Paris, France / Est. 1952
Agreement Concerning Postal Money Orders and Postal Travellers\' Cheques, 1969 / Est. 1969
Agreement Concerning Giro Transfers / Est. 1969
Agreement for Dispensing with Bills of Health / Est. 1934
Agreement Concerning the Collection of Bills, Drafts, 1952 / Est. 1952
International Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to Bills of Lading / Est. 1924
Protocol to the General Treaty of Central American Economic Integration - Emergency Measures to Protect the Balance of Payments, 1968 / Est. 1968
Agreement between the Member States of the Council of Europe on the Issue to Military and Civilian War-disabled of an International Book of Vouchers for the Repair of Prosthetic and Orthopaedic Appliances / Strasbourg, France / Est. 1962

View all profiles (105 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Currency

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Dependence on social welfare
Unethical practices in forestry
Unethical practices in the public sector
Foreign exchange reserve shortages
Unethical practices of national defence industries
Deterioration in external financial position of countries
Circumvention of duties and assessments
Profit-oriented interest payments
Bad loans
Defaults on international loans
Misappropriation of public funds
Unmeaningful relationships to place
Restrictions on foreign access to capital bond markets
Embezzlement
Exchange rate volatility
Unethical real estate practice
Irregular payments of international financial obligations
Unethical practices by employees
Intergovernmental organization mismanagement
Currency black market
Attenuation of group relationships
Speculation on money markets
Underpayment for work
Failure to to observe contractual terms of payments
Debt slavery

Action Strategies relating to Currency

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Acting as information clearing house for nonprofit organizations
Clearing land mines
Establishing clearing houses for environmentally sound technology
Clearing unsightly debris
Providing checks on societal decision-making
Clearing unused land
Employing local exchange and trading LETS systems
Providing multilateral financial assistance
Cancelling international debt
Guaranteeing minimum wage
Developing own currency
Taxing currency speculation
Issuing currency
Taxing drink containers
Extending friendship
Unifying currencies
Controlling currency speculation
Developing global currency
Revaluating currency
Devaluing currency
Serving as information clearinghouse
Defining common standards for credit
Devising subsidy payment plan
Paying debts
Financing-Impoverishing

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