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Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellowish-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface. It is commonly refined into various types of fuels. Components of petroleum are separated using a technique called fractional distillation, i.e. separation of a liquid mixture into fractions differing in boiling point by means of distillation, typically using a fractionating column.

From Wikipedia

Organizations relating to Petroleum

International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution Damage / London, UK / Est. 2001
European Petrochemical Luncheon International Association / Brasschaat, Belgium / Est. 1981
Marine Emergency Mutual Aid Centre / Manama, Bahrain / Est. 1982
International Committee for the Defence of the Interests of the Oil Industry in Europe / Est. 1912
European Committee of Burner Manufacturers / Est. 1964
Federation of European Petroleum Equipment Manufacturers / Est. 1953
International Oil and Gas Educational Center, Richardson TX / Est. 1959
Arab Petroleum Services Company / Tripoli, Libyan AJ / Est. 1975
Arab Well Logging Company / Safat, Kuwait / Est. 1983
Oilwatch / Port Harcourt, Nigeria / Est. 1996
Pan African Federation of Petroleum and Allied Workers / Est. 1981
Arab Federation of Chemical and Petrochemical Industries / Est. 1998
Intergovernmental Group to Monitor the Supply and Shipping of Oil and Petroleum Products to South Africa / Est. 1986
International Convention Relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Oil Pollution Casualties / London, UK / Est. 1969
European Heating Oil Association / Brussels, Belgium
International Federation of Chemical, Energy and General Workers' Unions / Est. 1907
International Centre for Petroleum Business Studies / Est. 1996
International Confederation of Trade Unions of Workers in the Oil and Gas Industries, and Construction Workers in the Oil and Gas Complex / Moscow, Russia / Est. 1992
International Association for Petrochemicals / Est. 1974
Protocol Concerning Regional Cooperation in Combating Pollution by Oil and other Harmful Substances in Case of Emergency / Jeddah, Saudi Arabia / Est. 1982
South American Petroleum Institute / Est. 1942
OPEC News Agency / Est. 1980
Protocol Concerning Regional Cooperation in Combating Pollution by Oil and other Harmful Substances in Cases of Emergency / Safat, Kuwait / Est. 1978
International Union of Petroleum and Industrial Workers / Est. 1945

View all profiles (199 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Petroleum

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Lead as an environmental pollutant
Aggressive uses of natural energy resources
Environmental hazards from petroleum
Oil as a pollutant
Scarcity of oil resources
Environmental impacts of petroleum industry
Oil spillage
Dependence on imported oil
Natural gas production environmental hazards
Instability of trade in petroleum and petroleum products
Environmental hazards from chemicals and petrochemicals industries
Dependence on oil
High cost of natural gas trade infrastructure
Instability of chemical and petrochemical industry
Petroleum and natural gas production instability
Instability of trade in mineral tar and crude chemicals derived from coal, petroleum and natural gas
Underdevelopment of chemical and petrochemicals industry
Long-term shortage of natural and manufactured gas
Shortage of coal-derived tar and crude chemicals
Petroleum and coal products manufacture underdevelopment
Shipping industry resistance to double-hulled oil tankers
Long-term shortage of petroleum and petroleum products
Coal-tar poisoning
Threatened species of Steatornithidae
Threatened species of Elliptio steinstansana

Action Strategies relating to Petroleum

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Using fossil fuel more efficiently
Protecting against natural gas production environmental hazards
Protecting against environmental hazards from chemicals and petrochemicals industries
Identifying petroleum resources
Reducing fossil fuel use
Reducing petroleum fuel emissions to the atmosphere
Using natural gas
Responding rapidly to oil spills
Compensating for pollution damage caused by substances other than oil
Developing petroleum resources
Exploring for petroleum resources
Establishing training programmes on oil and chemical spill responses
Advancing petroleum technology
Transferring petroleum technology
Taking advantage of oil price fluctuations
Destabilizing trade in petroleum and petroleum products
Researching armament - petroleum coalition
Supplying petrochemical products
Reducing methane emissions from petroleum production
Solving problems connected with petrochemical industry
Providing international remedies for oil pollution incidents
Combatting oil pollution
Identifying oil and chemical spill control measures for emergencies in developing countries
Reducing volatile organic compound emissions from petrol
Minimizing environmental impact of oil exploration

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