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Petroleum is a naturally occurring, yellowish-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface. It is commonly refined into various types of fuels. Components of petroleum are separated using a technique called fractional distillation, i.e. separation of a liquid mixture into fractions differing in boiling point by means of distillation, typically using a fractionating column.

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Organizations relating to Petroleum

International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution Damage / London, UK / Est. 2001
European Petrochemical Luncheon International Association / Brasschaat, Belgium / Est. 1981
Marine Emergency Mutual Aid Centre / Manama, Bahrain / Est. 1982
International Oil and Gas Educational Center, Richardson TX / Est. 1959
Arab Petroleum Services Company / Tripoli, Libyan AJ / Est. 1975
Arab Well Logging Company / Safat, Kuwait / Est. 1983
Oilwatch / Port Harcourt, Nigeria / Est. 1996
International Convention Relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Oil Pollution Casualties / London, UK / Est. 1969
European Heating Oil Association / Brussels, Belgium
International Confederation of Trade Unions of Workers in the Oil and Gas Industries, and Construction Workers in the Oil and Gas Complex / Moscow, Russia / Est. 1992
Protocol Concerning Regional Cooperation in Combating Pollution by Oil and other Harmful Substances in Case of Emergency / Jeddah, Saudi Arabia / Est. 1982
Protocol Concerning Regional Cooperation in Combating Pollution by Oil and other Harmful Substances in Cases of Emergency / Safat, Kuwait / Est. 1978
Publish What You Pay Coalition / London, UK
International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution of the Sea by Oil / Est. 1954
European Lubricating Grease Institute / Amsterdam, Netherlands / Est. 1989
Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme / Tromsø, Norway / Est. 1991
Protocol Relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Marine Pollution by Substances other Than Oil / London, UK / Est. 1973
Asociación Petroquimica y Quimica Latinoamericana / Buenos Aires, Argentina / Est. 1977
International Group of Liquefied Natural Gas Importers / Neuilly-sur-Seine, France / Est. 1971
Trade Union International of Energy, Metal, Chemical, Oil and Allied Industries / Johannesburg, South Africa / Est. 1998
Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries / Safat, Kuwait / Est. 1968
Gulf Petrochemical Industries Company / Manama, Bahrain / Est. 1979
Protocol on Cooperation in Combating Pollution of the Black Sea Marine Environment by Oil and other Harmful Substances in Emergency Situations / Istanbul, Turkey / Est. 1992
Petrochemical Feedstock Association of the Americas / Houston TX, USA
Gulf Petrochemicals and Chemicals Association / Dubai, United Arab Emirates

View all profiles (118 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Petroleum

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Lead as an environmental pollutant
Aggressive uses of natural energy resources
Environmental hazards from petroleum
Oil as a pollutant
Scarcity of oil resources
Environmental impacts of petroleum industry
Oil spillage

Action Strategies relating to Petroleum

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Using fossil fuel more efficiently
Protecting against natural gas production environmental hazards
Protecting against environmental hazards from chemicals and petrochemicals industries
Identifying petroleum resources
Reducing fossil fuel use
Reducing petroleum fuel emissions to the atmosphere
Using natural gas
Responding rapidly to oil spills
Compensating for pollution damage caused by substances other than oil
Developing petroleum resources
Exploring for petroleum resources
Establishing training programmes on oil and chemical spill responses
Advancing petroleum technology
Transferring petroleum technology
Taking advantage of oil price fluctuations
Destabilizing trade in petroleum and petroleum products
Researching armament - petroleum coalition
Supplying petrochemical products
Reducing methane emissions from petroleum production
Solving problems connected with petrochemical industry
Providing international remedies for oil pollution incidents
Combatting oil pollution
Identifying oil and chemical spill control measures for emergencies in developing countries
Reducing volatile organic compound emissions from petrol
Minimizing environmental impact of oil exploration

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