Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 12: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

Responsible Consumption & Production

Sustainable consumption and production is about promoting resource and energy efficiency, sustainable infrastructure, and providing access to basic services, green and decent jobs and a better quality of life for all. Its implementation helps to achieve overall development plans, reduce future economic, environmental and social costs, strengthen economic competitiveness and reduce poverty.

At the current time, material consumption of natural resources is increasing, particularly within Eastern Asia. Countries are also continuing to address challenges regarding air, water and soil pollution.

Since sustainable consumption and production aims at “doing more and better with less,” net welfare gains from economic activities can increase by reducing resource use, degradation and pollution along the whole life cycle, while increasing quality of life. There also needs to be significant focus on operating on supply chain, involving everyone from producer to final consumer. This includes educating consumers on sustainable consumption and lifestyles, providing them with adequate information through standards and labels and engaging in sustainable public procurement, among others.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II

GA - Society for Medicinal Plant and Natural Product Research

1970 Darmstadt Germany C v


2004 Edinburgh UK F y

Game and Wildlife Conservation Trust

GCT 1969 Fordingbridge UK N

Gas Appliance Manufacturers Association

GAMA Arlington VA USA N

Gas Exporting Countries Forum

GECF 2001 Doha Qatar F g


1997 New York NY USA G

GBTA Europe

2010 Amersham UK G

GCC Standardization Organization

GSO 2001 Riyadh Saudi Arabia D g

GCP Europe

1949 Brussels Belgium D

General Confederation of Agricultural Cooperatives in the European Union

1959 Brussels Belgium E

General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean

GFCM 1952 Rome Italy E gy

General Treaty for the Redemption of the Schelde Tolls

1863 T g

Generation Climate Europe


Generations for Peace

Amman Jordan F

Genesis Initiative

1999 Windlesham UK G

Geneva Act of the The Hague Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Industrial Designs

1999 T g

Gibbon Conservation Center

GCC 1977 Santa Clarita CA USA N

Gilman International Conservation Foundation

GIC Yulee FL USA G f


1987 Brussels Belgium D


2009 G

Global Advances in Business and Communication


Global Alliance for Incinerator Alternatives

GAIA 2000 Berkeley CA USA C

Global Alliance for Tax Justice


Global Alliance for the Rights of Older People

2011 C y

Global Alliance of Independent Firms

Praxity Epsom UK D

Global Alliance of SMEs

GASME 1999 Metuchen NJ USA C

Global Alliance of Social Enterprises in Travel & Tourism

GASET 2021 Bangkok Thailand J

Global Alliance to Promote Fruits and Vegetable Consumption "5 a day"

AIAM5 2011 Madrid Spain C

Global Aluminium Foil Roller Initiative

GLAFRI 2015 Düsseldorf Germany C

Global Apprenticeship Network

GAN 2014 Geneva Switzerland F y

Global Association for People and the Environment

GAPE 1999 Pakse Laos G

Global Banking Alliance for Women

GBA 2001 Brooklyn NY USA F

Global Battery Alliance

GBA 2017 Cologny Switzerland C y

Global Business and Technology Association

GBATA 1998 New York NY USA B

Global Business Coalition

GBC Paris France E y

Global Business Coalition for Education

GBC-Education 2012 J

Global Business Education Network


Global Business Leaders Alliance Against Counterfeiting

GBLAAC 2002 Cincinnati OH USA N

Global Business Partnership Alliance

GBPA London UK N

Global Business School Network

GBSN 2003 Washington DC USA F

Global Business Travel Association

GBTA Alexandria VA USA G

Global Cassava Partnership for the 21st Century

GCP21 2002 Cali Colombia J

Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect

GCR2P 2008 New York NY USA E

Global Choices

Carbondale CO USA J

Global Citizenship Alliance

GCA 2015 Salzburg Austria C

Global Clean Water Desalination Alliance

GCWDA 2015 C

Global Cold Chain Alliance

GCCA 2007 Alexandria VA USA F

Global Communication Association

GCA 2007 Greensboro NC USA G

Global Conference on Environmental Taxation

GCET 2000 S c

Global Corporate Governance Institute

GCGI 2014 C c