Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 12: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

Responsible Consumption & Production


Goal 12 is about ensuring sustainable consumption and production patterns, which is key to sustain the livelihoods of current and future generations.

Our planet is running out of resources, but populations are continuing to grow. If the global population reaches 9.8 billion by 2050, the equivalent of almost three planets will be required to provide the natural resources needed to sustain current lifestyles.

We need to change our consumption habits, and shifting our energy supplies to more sustainable ones are one of the main changes we must make if we are going to reduce our consumption levels. However, global crises triggered a resurgence in fossil fuel subsidies, nearly doubling from 2020 to 2021.

We are seeing promising changes in industries, including the trend towards sustainability reporting being on the rise, almost tripling the amount of published sustainability over just a few years, showing increased levels of commitment and awareness that sustainability should be at the core of business practices.

Food waste is another sign of over consumption, and tackling food loss is urgent and requires dedicated policies, informed by data, as well as investments in technologies, infrastructure, education and monitoring. A staggering 931 million tons of food is wasted a year, despite a huge number of the global population going hungry.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II

Convention Concerning the Transit of Animals, Meat and other Products of Animal Origin

1935 T g

Convention Fixing the Minimum Age for Admission of Children to Industrial Employment, 1919

1919 Geneva Switzerland T g

Convention Fixing the Minimum Age for Admission of Children to Industrial Employment, 1937

1937 Geneva Switzerland T g

Convention for Facilitating Trade Exchange and the Regulation of Transit Trade between States of the Arab League

1953 T g

Convention for the avoidance of double taxation with respect to taxes on inheritances and gifts

1989 T g

Convention for the Conservation and Management of the Vicuña

1979 T g

Convention for the Conservation of Anadromous Stocks in the North Pacific Ocean

1992 T g

Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Seals

CCAS 1972 T g

Convention for the Conservation of Salmon in the North Atlantic Ocean

1982 T g

Convention for the Conservation of Southern Bluefin Tuna

1993 T g

Convention for the Conservation of the Biodiversity and the Protection of Wilderness Areas in Central America

1992 T g

Convention for the Conservation of the Red Sea and Gulf of Aden Environment

Jeddah convention 1982 Jeddah Saudi Arabia T g

Convention for the Establishment of Stations for Agricultural Experiments and Animal Industries

1923 T g

Convention for the Maintenance, Preservation and Reestablishment of Peace

1936 T g

Convention for the Mutual Recognition of Inspections in Respect of the Manufacture of Pharmaceutical Products

PIC 1970 Geneva Switzerland T g

Convention for the Preservation of Wild Animals, Birds and Fish in Africa

1900 T g

Convention for the Protection of Commercial, Industrial, and Agricultural Trade Marks and Commercial Names

1923 T g

Convention for the Protection of Patents of Invention, Designs and Industrial Models

1910 T g

Convention for the Protection of Producers of Phonograms Against Unauthorized Duplication of Their Phonograms

Geneva Convention 1971 Paris France T g

Convention for the Regulation of Transit and Communications on the System of the Danube-Save-Adriatic Railway Company

1923 T g

Convention for the Settlement of Certain Conflicts of Laws in Connection with Bills of Exchange and Promissory Notes

1930 T g

Convention for the Unification for the Law of Bills of Exchange and Cheques

1912 T g

Convention Internationale sur la Responsabilité et L'indemnisation pour les Dommages Liés au Transport par Mer de Substances Nocives et Potentiellement Dangereuses

Convention SNPD 1996 T g

Convention Limiting the Hours of Work in Industrial Undertakings to Eight in the Day and Forty-eight in the Week

1919 Geneva Switzerland T g

Convention of Mutual Assistance in Respect of the Collection of the Turnover Tax, the Purchase Tax and other Similar Taxes

1964 T g

Convention on Agency in the International Sale of Goods

1983 Rome Italy T g

Convention on Civil Liability for Damage Caused During Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road, Rail and Inland Navigation Vessels

CRTD 1989 T g

Convention on Civil Liability for Damage Resulting from Activities Dangerous to the Environment

1993 Strasbourg France T g

Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage Resulting from Exploration for and Exploitation of Seabed Mineral Resources

1977 T g

Convention on Conservation of Nature in the South Pacific

1976 T g

Convention on Export of Guano, 1857

1857 T g

Convention on fisheries and the conservation of living marine resources in the Black Sea

1993 J gp

Convention on Fishing and Conservation of the Living Resources in the Baltic Sea and the Belts

Gdansk convention 1973 T g

Convention on Fishing and Conservation of the Living Resources of the High Seas

1958 T g

Convention on International Financial Leasing

1988 Rome Italy T g

Convention on Inventions, Patents, Designs and Industrial Models

1910 Washington DC USA T g

Convention on Jurisdiction, Applicable Law, Recognition, Enforcement and Cooperation in Respect of Parental Responsibility and Measures for the Protection of Children

1996 The Hague Netherlands T g

Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims

LLMC 1976 London UK T g

Convention on Nature Protection and Wild Life Preservation in the Western Hemisphere

1940 T g

Convention on Patents of Invention, Drawings and Industrial Models, Trademarks, and Literary and Artistic Property

1906 Washington DC USA T g

Convention on Reduction of Cases of Multiple Nationality and Military Obligations in Cases of Multiple Nationality

1963 Strasbourg France T g

Convention on Stolen or Illegally Exported Cultural Objects

1995 Rome Italy T g

Convention on the Avoidance of Double Taxation on Personal Income and Property

1977 T g

Convention on the Avoidance of Double Taxation on the Income and Property of Corporate Bodies

1978 T g

Convention on the Ban of the Import of Hazardous Wastes into Africa and on the Control of Their Transboundary Movements within Africa

Bamako Convention 1991 T g

Convention on the Conservation and Management of Fishery Resources in the South-East Atlantic Ocean

2001 T g

Convention on the Conservation and Management of High Seas Fishery Resources in the South Pacific Ocean

2009 T g

Convention on the Conservation and Management of Highly Migratory Fish Stocks in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean

Pacific tuna convention 2000 T g

Convention on the Conservation and Management of Pollock in the Central Bering Sea

1994 T g

Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources

CCAMLR 1980 Hobart TAS Australia T g

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