Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 12: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

Responsible Consumption & Production


Sustainable consumption and production is about promoting resource and energy efficiency, sustainable infrastructure, and providing access to basic services, green and decent jobs and a better quality of life for all. Its implementation helps to achieve overall development plans, reduce future economic, environmental and social costs, strengthen economic competitiveness and reduce poverty.

At the current time, material consumption of natural resources is increasing, particularly within Eastern Asia. Countries are also continuing to address challenges regarding air, water and soil pollution.

Since sustainable consumption and production aims at “doing more and better with less,” net welfare gains from economic activities can increase by reducing resource use, degradation and pollution along the whole life cycle, while increasing quality of life. There also needs to be significant focus on operating on supply chain, involving everyone from producer to final consumer. This includes educating consumers on sustainable consumption and lifestyles, providing them with adequate information through standards and labels and engaging in sustainable public procurement, among others.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II

Convention for the Regulation of Transit and Communications on the System of the Danube-Save-Adriatic Railway Company

1923 T g

Convention for the Settlement of Certain Conflicts of Laws in Connection with Bills of Exchange and Promissory Notes

1930 T g

Convention for the Unification for the Law of Bills of Exchange and Cheques

1912 T g

Convention Internationale sur la Responsabilité et L'indemnisation pour les Dommages Liés au Transport par Mer de Substances Nocives et Potentiellement Dangereuses

Convention SNPD 1996 T g

Convention Limiting the Hours of Work in Industrial Undertakings to Eight in the Day and Forty-eight in the Week

1919 Geneva Switzerland T g

Convention of Mutual Assistance in Respect of the Collection of the Turnover Tax, the Purchase Tax and other Similar Taxes

1964 T g

Convention on Agency in the International Sale of Goods

1983 Rome Italy T g

Convention on Civil Liability for Damage Caused During Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road, Rail and Inland Navigation Vessels

CRTD 1989 T g

Convention on Civil Liability for Damage Resulting from Activities Dangerous to the Environment

1993 Strasbourg T g

Convention on Civil Liability for Oil Pollution Damage Resulting from Exploration for and Exploitation of Seabed Mineral Resources

1977 T g

Convention on Conservation of Nature in the South Pacific

1976 T g

Convention on Export of Guano, 1857

1857 T g

Convention on fisheries and the conservation of living marine resources in the Black Sea

1993 J gp

Convention on Fishing and Conservation of the Living Resources in the Baltic Sea and the Belts

Gdansk convention 1973 T g

Convention on Fishing and Conservation of the Living Resources of the High Seas

1958 T g

Convention on International Financial Leasing

1988 Rome Italy T g

Convention on Inventions, Patents, Designs and Industrial Models

1910 Washington DC USA T g

Convention on Jurisdiction, Applicable Law, Recognition, Enforcement and Cooperation in Respect of Parental Responsibility and Measures for the Protection of Children

1996 The Hague Netherlands T g

Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims

LLMC 1976 London UK T g

Convention on Nature Protection and Wild Life Preservation in the Western Hemisphere

1940 T g

Convention on Patents of Invention, Drawings and Industrial Models, Trademarks, and Literary and Artistic Property

1906 Washington DC USA T g

Convention on Reduction of Cases of Multiple Nationality and Military Obligations in Cases of Multiple Nationality

1963 Strasbourg T g

Convention on Stolen or Illegally Exported Cultural Objects

1995 Rome Italy T g

Convention on the Avoidance of Double Taxation on Personal Income and Property

1977 T g

Convention on the Avoidance of Double Taxation on the Income and Property of Corporate Bodies

1978 T g

Convention on the Ban of the Import of Hazardous Wastes into Africa and on the Control of Their Transboundary Movements within Africa

Bamako Convention 1991 T g

Convention on the Conservation and Management of Fishery Resources in the South-East Atlantic Ocean

2001 T g

Convention on the Conservation and Management of High Seas Fishery Resources in the South Pacific Ocean

2009 T g

Convention on the Conservation and Management of Highly Migratory Fish Stocks in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean

Pacific tuna convention 2000 T g

Convention on the Conservation and Management of Pollock in the Central Bering Sea

1994 T g

Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources

CCAMLR 1980 Hobart TAS Australia T g

Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats

Bern convention 1979 Strasbourg T g

Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals

Bonn Convention 1979 Bonn Germany T g

Convention on the Conservation of the Living Resources of the Southeast Atlantic

1969 Rome Italy T g

Convention on the International Liability for Damage Caused by Space Objects

1972 T g

Convention on the Law Applicable to Contracts for the International Sale of Goods

1986 The Hague Netherlands T g

Convention on the Law Applicable to Contractual Obligations

1980 T g

Convention on the Law Applicable to International Sales of Goods

1955 The Hague Netherlands T g

Convention on the Law Applicable to Maintenance Obligations

1973 The Hague Netherlands T g

Convention on the Law Applicable to Maintenance Obligations Towards Children

1956 The Hague Netherlands T g

Convention on the Law Applicable to Products Liability

1973 The Hague Netherlands T g

Convention on the Law Governing Transfer of Title in International Sales of Goods

1958 The Hague Netherlands T g

Convention on the Liability of Hotel-keepers Concerning the Property of Their Guests

1962 Strasbourg T g

Convention on the Liability of Operators of Nuclear Ships

1962 T g

Convention on the Limitation Period in the International Sale of Goods

1974 Vienna Austria T g

Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property

Paris, 1970 1970 Paris France T g

Convention on the Prevention of Major Industrial Accidents

1993 Geneva Switzerland T g

Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological - Biological - and Toxin Weapons and on Their Destruction

1972 T g

Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on Their Destruction

CWC 1992 The Hague T g

Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-personnel Mines and on Their Destruction

Ottawa Convention 1997 T g

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