Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 10: Reduce inequality within and among countries

Reduced inequalities

The international community has made significant strides towards lifting people out of poverty. The most vulnerable nations – the least developed countries, the landlocked developing countries and the small island developing states – continue to make inroads into poverty reduction. However, inequality persists and large disparities remain regarding access to health and education services and other assets.

There is growing consensus that economic growth is not sufficient to reduce poverty if it is not inclusive and if it does not involve the three dimensions of sustainable development – economic, social and environmental. Fortunately, income inequality has been reduced both between and within countries. At the current time, the per capita income of 60 out of 94 countries with data has risen more rapidly than the national average. There has been some progress regarding creating favorable access conditions for exports from least developing countries as well.

To reduce inequality, policies should be universal in principle, paying attention to the needs of disadvantaged and marginalized populations. There needs to be an increase in duty-free treatment and continuation of favoring exports from developing countries, in addition to increasing the share of developing countries’ vote within the IMF. Finally, innovations in technology can help reduce the cost of transferring money for migrant workers.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II

Avenir pour l'Enfant des Rizières

AER 1979 Paris France G


1961 Fitzroy VIC Australia G

Aviornis International

1973 Herentals Belgium F

Avoided Deforestation Partners

AD Partners 2007 Washington DC USA G

AVRDC - The World Vegetable Center

1971 Tainan Taiwan E g

AVSI Foundation

1972 Milan Italy G f

Aya Worldwide

2010 Chicago IL USA G

Bali Process on People Smuggling, Trafficking in Persons and Related Transnational Crime

Bali Process 2002 Bangkok Thailand E g

Balkan Assist

2000 Sofia Bulgaria G

Balkan Civil Society Development Network

BCSDN 2003 Skopje North Macedonia F

Balkanactie van de Gemeenten

1992 Antwerp Belgium G

Baltic Coalition for PLWHIV

NGO BaCo 2018 D

Baltic Free Trade Agreement

BAFTA 1993 T g

Baltic Management Foundation

BMF 1992 Kaunas Lithuania F f

Baltic Network against Life-Threatening Viral Infections

Baltic Antiviral Network 2013 Stockholm Sweden F

Baltic Sea States Subregional Cooperation

BSSSC 1993 Helsinki Finland D g


Norrtälje Sweden G


1987 Gelnhausen Germany G

Banking With the Poor Network

BWTP Network Kenmore QLD Australia F

Banque centrale des Etats de l'Afrique de l'Ouest

BCEAO 1962 Dakar Senegal F gy

Banque de développement des Etats de l'Afrique centrale

BDEAC 1975 Brazzaville Congo Brazzaville F gy

Banque des Etats de l'Afrique centrale

BEAC 1972 Yaoundé Cameroon F g

Bantani Education

2017 Tervuren Belgium F

BarefootLawyers International

1998 Berkeley CA USA G

BATIK International

1998 Paris France G

Benedictine Sisters of the Federation of Saint Benedict

1947 St Joseph MN USA R

Benelux Court of Justice

1974 Brussels Belgium F g

BERAS International Foundation

2015 Järna Sweden F f

Bernard van Leer Foundation

BvLF 1949 The Hague Netherlands G f

Bertelsmann Foundation

1977 Gütersloh Germany G f

Bertrand Russell Peace Foundation

BRPF 1963 Nottingham UK F f

Beyond the Horizon International Strategic Studies Group

Beyond the Horizon ISSG Brussels Belgium F

Bianca Jagger Human Rights Foundation

BJHRF London UK N f

Big Data Value Association

BDVA Brussels Belgium E

Biosciences Research Support Foundation

BRSF 2014 Awka Nigeria G fv

Biovision Africa Trust

BvAT 2009 Nairobi Kenya J

Black Sea Economic Cooperation Free Trade Area

BSEC Free Trade Area 1997 J gpt

Blessing of Africa Empowerment Foundation

BOA Lagos Nigeria G f

Blessings International

BI 1981 Tulsa OK USA G


Bluefields Nicaragua N

BMS World Mission

Didcot UK G

Book Aid

1987 London UK G

Book Aid International

1954 London UK G

Books Abroad

1982 Huntly UK G


1972 Dhaka Bangladesh F

Bread for the World Institute

BFW Institute 1975 Washington DC USA G j


1995 Walmer UK G


New York NY USA N

Bremen Overseas Research and Development Association

BORDA 1977 Bremen Germany G

Bright Future International

BFI Northbrook IL USA G