Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 12: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

Responsible Consumption & Production

Sustainable consumption and production is about promoting resource and energy efficiency, sustainable infrastructure, and providing access to basic services, green and decent jobs and a better quality of life for all. Its implementation helps to achieve overall development plans, reduce future economic, environmental and social costs, strengthen economic competitiveness and reduce poverty.

At the current time, material consumption of natural resources is increasing, particularly within Eastern Asia. Countries are also continuing to address challenges regarding air, water and soil pollution.

Since sustainable consumption and production aims at “doing more and better with less,” net welfare gains from economic activities can increase by reducing resource use, degradation and pollution along the whole life cycle, while increasing quality of life. There also needs to be significant focus on operating on supply chain, involving everyone from producer to final consumer. This includes educating consumers on sustainable consumption and lifestyles, providing them with adequate information through standards and labels and engaging in sustainable public procurement, among others.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II

Wildcat Foundation

Alexandria VA USA G f

Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust

WWT 1946 Slimbridge UK G

Wildlife Conservation Global

Jacksonville FL USA G

Wildlife Conservation Network

WCN 2002 San Francisco CA USA G

Wildlife Conservation Society

WCS 1895 New York NY USA G

Wildlife Disease Association

WDA 1951 Moorpark CA USA C v

Women's Enterprises International

WEI 1999 Seattle WA USA G

Women's International News Gathering Service

WINGS 1986 G

Working Committee of the Malting Industry of the EU

1959 Brussels Belgium E t

Working Group on Criteria and Indicators for the Conservation and Sustainable Management of Temperate and Boreal Forests

Montreal Process 1994 Tokyo Japan E


1997 Lewes UK N

World Animal Protection

1981 London UK B

World Apostolate of Fatima

Blue Army 1947 Fatima Portugal R

World Apple and Pear Association

WAPA 2001 Brussels Belgium C

World Association for Small and Medium Enterprises

WASME 1980 Noida India B

World Association of Industrial and Technological Research Organizations

WAITRO 1970 St Augustin Germany B yt

World Association of Soil and Water Conservation

WASWAC 1983 Beijing China B

World Association of Zoos and Aquariums

WAZA 1946 Barcelona Spain C y

World Atlatl Association

WAA 1987 Cheyenne WY USA F v

World Bank - WWF Alliance for Forest Conservation and Sustainable Use

WB - WWF Forest Alliance 1998 Washington DC USA E

World Batik Council

Seri Kembangan Malaysia C

World Benchmarking Alliance

WBA Amsterdam Netherlands C y

World Business Academy

1986 Santa Barbara CA USA F

World Business Angels Investment Forum


World Business Associates

WBA 1979 Bethesda MD USA E v

World Business Council for Sustainable Development

WBCSD 1995 Geneva Switzerland C

World Business Institute

WBI 2000 Melbourne VIC Australia N j

World Business Transformation Forum

WBTF 2003 Alphen aan den Rijn Netherlands G

World Cargo Alliance

WCA 1998 Las Vegas NV USA D

World Chambers Federation

WCF 1950 Paris France E

World Computing Services Industry Congress

London UK S ct

World Congress Alternatives and Environment

1979 Vienna Austria S cv

World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production

WCGALP 1974 S c

World Council for Automobile Mobility and Tourism

Paris France K

World Council of Civil Engineers

WCCE 2005 Madrid Spain C y

World Crafts Council AISBL

WCC International 1964 Safat Kuwait B

World Diamond Council

WDC 2000 New York NY USA E

World Educate Business Association

WEBA 2002 Locarno Switzerland N

World Egg Organisation


World Eminence Chinese Business Association

WECBA 2005 The Hague Netherlands N

World Energy Council

WEC 1923 London UK B

World Evangelical Alliance Sustainability Center

WEA Sustainability Center 2018 Bonn Germany G

World Fair Trade Latin America

WFTO-LA Ypacarai Paraguay D t

World Fair Trade Organization

WFTO 1989 Culemborg Netherlands B yt

World Farmers' Organisation

WFO 2011 Rome Italy C

World Farriers' Association

WFA 1984 Albuquerque NM USA D

World Federation of Building Service Contractors

WFBSC 1979 Chicago IL USA C y

World Federation of Chinese Catering Industry

WFCCI 1991 Beijing China D t

World Federation of Diamond Bourses

WFDB 1947 Antwerp Belgium D

World Federation of Direct Selling Associations

WFDSA 1972 Washington DC USA C