Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 12: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

Responsible Consumption & Production


Sustainable consumption and production is about promoting resource and energy efficiency, sustainable infrastructure, and providing access to basic services, green and decent jobs and a better quality of life for all. Its implementation helps to achieve overall development plans, reduce future economic, environmental and social costs, strengthen economic competitiveness and reduce poverty.

At the current time, material consumption of natural resources is increasing, particularly within Eastern Asia. Countries are also continuing to address challenges regarding air, water and soil pollution.

Since sustainable consumption and production aims at “doing more and better with less,” net welfare gains from economic activities can increase by reducing resource use, degradation and pollution along the whole life cycle, while increasing quality of life. There also needs to be significant focus on operating on supply chain, involving everyone from producer to final consumer. This includes educating consumers on sustainable consumption and lifestyles, providing them with adequate information through standards and labels and engaging in sustainable public procurement, among others.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II Type III

World Batik Council

Seri Kembangan Malaysia C

World Business Academy

1986 Santa Barbara CA USA F

World Business Angels Association

WBAA 2007 Brussels Belgium C y International Federations

World Business Associates

WBA 1979 Bethesda MD USA E v

World Business Council for Sustainable Development

WBCSD 1995 Geneva Switzerland C

World Business Institute

WBI 2000 Melbourne Australia N j Institutes

World Business Transformation Forum

WBTF 2003 Alphen aan den Rijn Netherlands G

World Cargo Alliance

WCA 1998 Las Vegas NV USA D

World Chambers Federation

WCF 1950 Paris France E

World Computing Services Industry Congress

London UK S c Conference Series

World Congress Alternatives and Environment

1979 Vienna Austria S cv Conference Series

World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production

WCGALP 1974 S c Conference Series

World Conservation Trust

IWMC 1994 Lausanne Switzerland E

World Council for Automobile Mobility and Tourism

Paris France K

World Council of Nuclear Workers

WONUC 1997 D Trade and Labour Unions

World Crafts Council

WCC 1964 London UK B

World Diamond Council

WDC 2000 New York NY USA E

World Educate Business Association

WEBA 2002 Locarno Switzerland N

World Eminence Chinese Business Association

WECBA 2005 The Hague Netherlands N

World Energy Council

WEC 1923 London UK B

World Evangelical Alliance Sustainability Center

WEA Sustainability Center 2018 Bonn Germany G

World Fair Trade Organization

WFTO 1989 Culemborg Netherlands B y International Federations

World Farriers' Association

WFA 1984 Albuquerque NM USA D

World Federation of Building Service Contractors

WFBSC 1979 Chicago IL USA C y International Federations

World Federation of Chinese Catering Industry

WFCCI 1991 Beijing China D

World Federation of Diamond Bourses

WFDB 1947 Antwerp Belgium D

World Federation of Direct Selling Associations

WFDSA 1972 Washington DC USA C Human Rights Organizations

World Federation of Exchanges

WFE 1961 London UK C

World Federation of Industrial Research Associations

W-FIRA 2013 Brussels Belgium C

World Federation of Master Tailors

WFMT 1910 C

World Federation of Overseas Korean Traders Associations

World OKTA 1981 Goyang Korea Rep D

World Federation of the Sporting Goods Industry

WFSGI 1978 Ittingen Switzerland C

World Federation of United Nations Associations

WFUNA 1946 New York NY USA E Humanitarian Organizations, United Nations Bodies, Human Rights Organizations

World Fish Migration Foundation

Groningen Netherlands G f Foundations

World Forum for Alternatives

WFA 1997 Dakar Senegal F y International Federations

World Franchise Council

WFC 1994 Giza Egypt F

World Healthcare Forum Foundation

2012 The Hague Netherlands J f Foundations

World Heritage Centre

WHC 1972 Paris France E g UNESCO Bodies, IGOs

World Heritage Committee

1976 Paris France E g UNESCO Bodies, IGOs

World Human Accountability Organization

WHAO 2016 New York NY USA G

World Industry Network

WIN 2003 Amsterdam Netherlands E

World Institute of Science

WIS 1991 Villeneuve-l'Archevêque France F j Institutes

World Iodine Association

WIA Ternat Belgium D y International Federations

World Land Trust

WLT 1989 Halesworth UK G

World Master Chefs Society

1947 Grays UK D

World Naked Bike Ride

WNBR N

World Natural Health Organization

WNHO 1983 Burlington WA USA G

World Organization of Dredging Associations

WODA 1967 Delft Netherlands E y International Federations

World Overview of Conservation Approaches and Technologies

WOCAT 1992 Bern Switzerland K

World Paint and Coatings Industry Association

WPCIA 1976 J

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