Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 12: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

Responsible Consumption & Production

Sustainable consumption and production is about promoting resource and energy efficiency, sustainable infrastructure, and providing access to basic services, green and decent jobs and a better quality of life for all. Its implementation helps to achieve overall development plans, reduce future economic, environmental and social costs, strengthen economic competitiveness and reduce poverty.

At the current time, material consumption of natural resources is increasing, particularly within Eastern Asia. Countries are also continuing to address challenges regarding air, water and soil pollution.

Since sustainable consumption and production aims at “doing more and better with less,” net welfare gains from economic activities can increase by reducing resource use, degradation and pollution along the whole life cycle, while increasing quality of life. There also needs to be significant focus on operating on supply chain, involving everyone from producer to final consumer. This includes educating consumers on sustainable consumption and lifestyles, providing them with adequate information through standards and labels and engaging in sustainable public procurement, among others.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II


Lagos Nigeria F f


1980 Brussels Belgium D y

Social Accountability Accreditation Services

SAAS 1997 New York NY USA E

Social Accountability International

SAI 1997 New York NY USA G

Social Enterprise International

SEi 1994 Whitby UK G

Social Enterprise World Forum

SEWF 2008 Glasgow UK F c

Social Firms Europe

CEFEC 1990 Suceava Romania D

Social Venture Network Europe

SVN Europe 1993 Amstelveen Netherlands F

Sociedad Mesoamericana para la Biologia y la Conservación

SMBC 1996 D

Société de promotion et de participations pour la coopération économique, Paris

PROPARCO 1977 Paris France G e

Société internationale pour l'enseignement commercial

SIEC 1901 Peoria IL USA C

Society for Conservation and Protection of Environment


Society for Conservation Biology

SCB 1985 Washington DC USA F

Society for Conservation GIS

SCGIS 1997 N

Society for Consumer Affairs Professionals in Europe

SOCAPiE Symington UK D t

Society for Development Alternatives

1983 Delhi India G

Society for Global Business and Economic Development

SGBED 2005 Montclair NJ USA G

Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics

SIAM 1952 Philadelphia PA USA G

Society for International Development

SID 1957 Rome Italy B y

Society for Maintenance and Reliability Professionals

SMRP 1992 Atlanta GA USA G t

Society for Social Studies of Science

4S 1975 Evansville IN USA D

Society for the Conservation of Endangered Carnivores and their International Ecological Study


Society for the Conservation of Reef Fish Aggregations

SCRFA Hong Kong Hong Kong D

Society for the Preservation of the Natural History Collections

SPNHC 1985 New York NY USA G

Society of Chemical Industry

SCI 1881 London UK G t

Society of Consumer Affairs Professionals in Business

SOCAP International 1973 Goodyear AZ USA G t

Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

SETAC 1979 Brussels Belgium F v

Society of International Business Fellows

SIBF 1981 Atlanta GA USA C

Society of Professional Economists

SPE 1953 Andover UK G tv

Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers

STLE 1944 Park Ridge IL USA C

Sodium Sulphate Producers Association

SSPA Brussels Belgium E

SOFICATRA - European Group for the Development of Participative Enterprises

1993 Brussels Belgium F ef

Software and Information Industry Association

SIIA 1999 Washington DC USA G t

Soil and Water Conservation Society

SWCS 1943 Ankeny IA USA G

Solar Cookers International

SCI 1987 Sacramento CA USA F

Solar Heat Europe

SHE 1992 Brussels Belgium D t

SolarPower Europe

1985 Brussels Belgium D


Hainau Germany C


1969 Utrecht Netherlands F

Soroptimist International of Europe

SI/E 1928 Geneva Switzerland E

Soroptimist International of the Americas

SIA 1921 Philadelphia PA USA E

South Asia Cooperative Environment Programme

SACEP 1982 Colombo Sri Lanka F g

South Asia Democratic Forum

SADF 2011 Brussels Belgium F

South Asian Federation of Exchanges

SAFE 2000 D

Southeast Asian Regional Branch of the International Council on Archives

SARBICA 1968 Hanoi Vietnam K

Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture

SEARCA 1966 Los Baños Philippines E gy

Southern African Association for the Conference Industry

SAACI Parklands South Africa N t

Southern African Foundation for the Conservation of Coastal Birds

SANCCOB 1968 Cape Town South Africa G f

Southern African Institute for Industrial Engineering

SAIIE Johannesburg South Africa N jt

Southern African Institute of Forestry

SAIF 1968 Menlo Park South Africa G j