United Nations Observer Mission in El Salvador

Mission d'observation des Nations Unies en El Salvador
Observadores de las Naciones Unidas en El Salvador (ONUSAL)

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20 May 1991, by resolution 693 (1991) of United Nations Security Council (UNSC), as part of United Nations Peace-keeping Operations (DOMP), within the framework of United Nations (UN), following signature, 26 July 1990, San José (Costa Rica), of an 'Agreement on Human Rights', by the Government of El Salvador and the Frente Farbundo Marti para la Liberación Nacional (FMLN). Operational 26 July 1991; second phase from 1 Oct 1991. On termination of the mandate of United Nations Observer Group in Central America (ONUCA), effective 17 Jan 1992, certain personnel and equipment were transferred from ONUCA to ONUSAL. ONUSAL's mandate was again enlarged, 27 May 1993, on approval by the Security Council of its resolution 832 (1993), after formal request by the government of El Salvador, 8 Jan 1993, that the United Nations should observe elections for the presidency, the Legislative Assembly, mayors and municipal councils. The mandate was subsequently renewed on several occasions. Ceased to exist in Apr 1995.


'First phase': Monitor the human rights situation in El Salvador; investigate specific cases of alleged human rights violations; promote human rights in the country; make recommendations to eliminate violations; report to the Secretary-General and, through him, to the United Nations Security Council and the General Assembly. 'Second phase': Investigate cases and situations involving human rights violations and follow them systematically with the competent State organs.

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Actively monitors the human rights situation; investigates specific cases of alleged human rights violation; makes recommendations on eliminating violations. Local and regional contacts with the main political, judicial and military authorities; periodic coordination meetings in Mexico City (Mexico) with FMLN Political and Diplomatic Commission. Armed conflict brought formally to an end, 15 Dec 1992. Military Division being phased out on completion of deployment of National Civil Police in 1994. ONUSAL continues to consolidate the peace process, including verification of the police and public security provisions of the Peace Accords, specifically the replacing of the military-controlled national police by the new national civil police.


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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 1 inter-governmental organizations.
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Members in 8 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Societal Problems
    • Maltreatment
  • Defence
    • Military Forces
  • International Relations
    • United Nations
  • Peace
    • Rights

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 5: Gender EqualityGOAL 10: Reduced InequalityGOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions



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* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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