African and Mauritian Common Organization
Organisation commune africaine et mauricienne (OCAM)
1964-02 Nouakchott Mauritania
Feb 1964, Nouakchott (Mauritania), as Afro-Malagasy Union for Economic Cooperation -- Union africaine et malgache de coopération économique (UAMCE), when Ministers of Foreign Affairs of ten French-speaking African States initialled a Charter drawn up following decision of Heads of State of H-XH3798 - African and Malagasy Union (Brazzaville Group), at their 6th Conference which ended on 10 Mar 1963, Dakar (Senegal). At the latter meeting it had been agreed to dissolve UAM, while keeping in existence certain specialized secretariats that had already started to function under UAM auspices. UAMCE was thus the successor to Afro-Malagasy Organization for Economic Cooperation -- Organisation africaine et malgache de coopération économique (OAMCE), which had been established at a meeting of African Heads of States, 15 Dec 1960, Brazzaville (Congo Brazzaville). At a meeting of Heads of Member States, 10-12 Feb 1965, Nouakchott, it was agreed to convert UAMCE into OCAM, with political as well as economic responsibilities. Charter, signed 27 Jun 1966, Tananarive, entered into force 28 Dec 1967. Subsequently, at the Summit Conference, 1974, Bangui (Central African Rep), the Heads of State decided that OCAM should leave political matters to other bodies and concentrate on pursuing its vocation by strengthening cooperation in other fields. Dissolved 1985.
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