Baltic Sea Joint Comprehensive Environmental Action Programme (JCP)

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Apr 1992, within the framework of Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission - Helsinki Commission (HELCOM), on signature of Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area, 1992 (Helsinki Convention, 1992) and the Baltic Sea Environmental Declaration 1992. Implementation of the JCP expected to be phased over 20 years. Recommendations on updating and strengthening of the Programme were approved 26 Mar 1998, Helsinki (Finland). Continued to exist past 2012.


Provide a practical basis for realizing objectives of the Helsinki Convention and establish a framework for sustained cooperation among contracting parties, other governments in the region, international financial institutions and nongovernmental organizations who share a common interest in environmental protection and natural resources management in the region; support a programme of complementary preventive and curative measures within the entire drainage basin on a long-term basis to restore the ecological balance of the Baltic Sea, ensuring the possibility of self-restoration of the marine environment.

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Components: investment activities addressing point and non-point source pollution; management programmes for coastal lagoons and wetlands. Focus is on investment activities. The Programme is expected to result in major economic and environmentally beneficial impacts via the catchment area or directly on the Baltic Sea. Specific efforts favour rapid improvement in coastal waters and reduction in nutrient loads and heavy metals leading to restoration of the ecological balance of the open sea as well as of coastal lagoons and wetlands. The JCP has identified 132 pollution hot spots, which are the focus of investment action to control pollution, taking into account: the long term perspective; the role of natural factors; harmonization of economic and environmental objectives; harmonization of national development with regional environmental objectives; preventative and curative actions; controlling pollution at source; establishing conditions for private sector participation; actions to overcome constraints and build local capacity.


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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 11 non-governmental organizations.
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Information Services

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Members in 14 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Environment
    • Environment
  • Integration
    • Integration

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 11: Sustainable Cities and CommunitiesGOAL 14: Life Below WaterGOAL 15: Life on Land



Last News Received

14. Dec 2009
* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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