United Nations Protection Force (UNPROFOR)

Force de protection des Nations Unies (FORPRONU)
Fuerza de Protección de Naciones Unidas

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21 Feb 1992, New York NY (USA), by resolution 743 (1992) of United Nations Security Council (UNSC), for an initial period of 12 months. One of the United Nations Peace-keeping Operations (DOMP) within United Nations (UN). Mandate terminated 31 Mar 1995, following adoption of the Security Council's resolution 871 (1993), when the military structure was reorganized as 3 subordinate commands, distinct but interdependent forces: United Nations Confidence Restoration Operation in Croatia (UNCRO) (Mar 1995 - Jan 1996), subsequently United Nations Transitional Administration for Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Sirmium (UNTAES) (Jan 1996 - to present); United Nations Preventive Deployment Force for Macedonia (UNPREDEP) (Mar 1995 - to present); United Nations Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina (UNMIBH) (Dec 1995 - Dec 2002). From 31 Mar 1995 - 31 Jan 96, a joint headquarters for UNCRO and UNPREDEP, United Nations Peace Forces (UNPF), was established in Zagreb.


Stop the fighting in the former Yugoslavia and act as an interim arrangement to create conditions of peace and security required for the negotiations of an overall settlement of the Yugoslav crisis.

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Originally deployed in 3 United Nations Protected Areas (UNPAs) in Croatia in which Serbs constitute the majority or a substantial minority of the population and where inter-communal tensions have led to armed conflict: Eastern Slavonia, Western Slavonia and Krajina. For United Nations purposes, they were divided into 4 sectors: East (Eastern Slavonia, including Baranja and Western Srem), North (northern Krajina UNPA), South (southern Krajina UNPA) and West (Western Slavonia). Original mandate was to ensure that UNPAs were demilitarized, through withdrawal or disbandment of all armed forces in them, and that all persons residing in them were protected from fear of armed attack. This was extended to cover some areas (pink zones) outside the UNPAs. From 14 Sep 1992, on adoption of Security Council's resolution 781 (1992), mandate was enlarged in Bosnia-Herzegovina to support efforts of UNHCR to deliver humanitarian relief and provide protection for convoys of released civilian detainees. This has continued despite serious obstructions when access to populations in need was denied or sabotaged for political or military purposes. 'Macedonian Command' set up, 11 Dec 1992, under resolution 795 (1992) of the Security Council, following request from the President of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia; the contingent was enlarged in June 1993.


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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 1 inter-governmental organizations.
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Members in 37 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Societal Problems
    • Protection
    • Emergencies
  • Defence
    • Military Forces
    • Conflict
  • International Relations
    • United Nations
  • Security
    • Security
  • Peace
    • Peace

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 11: Sustainable Cities and CommunitiesGOAL 13: Climate ActionGOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions



Last News Received

28. Dec 1995
* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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