Cooperation for Open Systems Interconnection Networking in Europe (COSINE)

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Nov 1985, Hannover (Germany FR), at 2nd Eureka Ministerial Conference, as part of EUREKA Organization. Concluded June 1993. Delivery of Advanced Network Technology to Europe (DANTE), founded July 1993, Cambridge (UK), was set up to continue work commenced under COSINE.


Provide the rapid establishment of an environment to make data communication services available to users from academic, industrial and government research organizations.

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COSINE Specification (1987-1988) and Implementation (1989-1992) Phases carried out by National Research Networks in Europe (RARE). The Implementation Phase, together with RARE, provides and overall framework for harmonization and development of international activities influencing and complementing national and local levels. The project is directed towards achieving pan-European connectivity within the research community and access to similar networks outside Europe. The community served by COSINE is estimated as involving over 2,500 institutions, 530,000 researchers, 530,000 research support staff and 3,500,000 students. The project focuses on requirements of the end users. Their initial needs focus on message handling, file transfer, remote access and supporting directory services.


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Members in 20 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Information
    • Data, Codes
  • Communication
    • Communication
  • Informatics, Classification
    • Informatics
  • Solidarity
    • Cooperation

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 17: Partnerships to achieve the Goal



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* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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