as a development/expansion/combination of the computer network ARPAnet, set up in 1975 within Advanced Research Project Agency (ARPA) of the USA Department of Defense, and NSFnet, a computer network of US National Science Foundation (NSF). ARPAnet was conceived and designed in 1963, by Larry Roberts. The combination of ARPAnet and NSFnet used a common set of communication protocols (based on data packet switching) which allowed other computer networks to become interconnected in a system which was a fundamentally decentralized network. Now international in scope, the name "Internet" refers specifically to this network of networks and is derived from the term "internetworking" which was used to describe the protocols which ARPA and others developed and standardized for allowing computers to exchange information.
Some consider 1 Jan 1983 to be the most logical date of origin for the Internet. On this day, ARPANET switched from using the NCP protocol to the TCP/IP protocol. Six months later it split into two subnets - ARPANET and MILNET which were connected by internet gateways.
Allow any user with basic computer equipment and a phone line to connect, communicate and host information internationally at low cost.
The "internet" is defined as the network of all computers which have a dedicated connection to the internet structure or "backbone". Related to it are constituent networks and appointed committees, working groups, consortiums and special interest groups (SIGs).
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Type I ClassificationAvailable with paid subscription only.
Subjects *Available with paid subscription only.
UN Sustainable Development Goals **
UIA Org ID
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.
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