1958-02-03 The Hague Netherlands
Established on signature of the Treaty of Union by representatives of Belgium, Luxembourg (Luxembourg), Netherlands; Treaty came into force 1 Nov 1960. Belgium and the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg had been linked, since 1921, by the F-XF0924 - Belgian-Luxembourg Economic Union (BLEU), which still exists within the Benelux Union. The political initiative to bring together the economies of the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg, taken during World War II, and which eventually led to the economic integration of these countries, had been started with the adoption of a Monetary Agreement, 21 Oct 1943, London (UK), a Customs Union Treaty, 5 Sep 1944, London, and the setting up of H-XH0019 - Benelux Customs Union, 1 Jan 1948. Belgium (in all its component parts), Netherlands and Luxembourg signed new Benelux Treaty, 17 Jun 2008, The Hague (Netherlands). Statutes registered in 'UNTS 1/11096'.
Deepen and expand cooperation between Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg so that it can continue its role as precursor within the European Union and strengthen and improve cross-border cooperation at every level.
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Committee of Ministers is the supreme organ of the Benelux and meets several times a year. It comprises at least one representative at Ministerial level of the 3 countries. Composition varies according to the agenda. Rotating chairmanship.
Benelux Council consists of high civil servants of the appropriate ministries and composition varies according the the agenda. Its main taks is to prepare files for the Ministers.
E-XD2831 - Benelux Inter-Parliamentary Consultative Council (Benelux Parliament), with permanent secretariat in Brussels (Belgium), comprises delegates of the 3 national parliaments: 21 from Belgium, 21 from Netherlands and 7 from Luxembourg, drawn from the whole political spectrum of their countries of origin. The Council is a consultative body which sends opinions to the Committee of Ministers, who often amend a draft Convention on the basis of the Council's opinion. Despite its essentially advisory role, the Council may also debate and send own-initiative questions, opinions and recommendations to the 3 governments.
F-XF9017 - Benelux Court of Justice, whose membership follows the same pattern as all the Benelux institutions, has 3 functions: direct jurisdiction (the Court's ruling is binding on the national court); consultative (each of the 3 governments may consult the Court on the interpretation of a common legal provision); jurisdiction on disputes involving officials of the Union. Judges of the Court hold also high judicial offices in their respective countries.
'General Secretariat' headed by a 'college' consisting of a Dutch Secretary-General and 2 Deputy Secretaries-General, one from Belgium and one from Luxembourg, who are appointed for renewable 5-year terms. In 1975 the Committee of Ministers granted the college of Secretaries-General the right to initiate directives aimed at encouraging cooperation between the Benelux partners.
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UN Sustainable Development Goals **
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