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Plant Life → Botany

Description

Botany, also called plant science, plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology. A botanist, plant scientist or phytologist is a scientist who specialises in this field. The term "botany" comes from the Ancient Greek word βοτάνη meaning "pasture", "herbs" "grass", or "fodder"; βοτάνη is in turn derived from βόσκειν, "to feed" or "to graze". Traditionally, botany has also included the study of fungi and algae by mycologists and phycologists respectively, with the study of these three groups of organisms remaining within the sphere of interest of the International Botanical Congress. Nowadays, botanists study approximately 410,000 species of land plants of which some 391,000 species are vascular plants, and approximately 20,000 are bryophytes.

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Organizations relating to Botany

International Association of Wood Anatomists / Beijing, China / Est. 1931
Nordic Lichen Society / Tartu, Estonia / Est. 1975
Phytochemical Society of Asia / Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia / Est. 2007
Organization for the Phyto-Taxonomic Investigation of the Mediterranean Area / Palermo, Italy / Est. 1974
Scandinavian Association of Pollination Ecology / Aarhus, Denmark
Association des palynologues de langue française / Paris, France / Est. 1967
SEEDS Asia / Kobe, Japan / Est. 2006
International Lilac Society / Chaska MN, USA / Est. 1971
SEED Institute / Singapore, Singapore / Est. 1989
Nordisk Arboretudvalg / Elimäki, Finland / Est. 1972
International Organization of Palaeobotany / Dresden, Germany / Est. 1954
SEED / Nairobi, Kenya / Est. 2002
People and Plants International / Bristol VT, USA / Est. 1992
Group of European Charophytologists / Ohrid, North Macedonia / Est. 1987
International Research Group on Charophytes / Est. 1989
International Association of Botanic Gardens / Guangzhou, China / Est. 1954
Comité Regional de Sanidad Vegetal del Cono Sur / Lima, Peru / Est. 1991
Seeds of Peace / New York NY, USA / Est. 1993
International Society of Environmental Botanists / Lucknow, India / Est. 1994
Asociación de Palinólogos de Lengua Española / Salamanca, Spain / Est. 1978
Society for Economic Botany / Marrakech, Morocco / Est. 1959
Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation / Portland OR, USA / Est. 1971
Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute / Thiruvananthapuram, India / Est. 1979
Seed Global Health / Boston MA, USA
Seeds of Africa / New York NY, USA / Est. 2008
Association des botanistes de l'Afrique de l'ouest / Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
International Federation of Phytosociology / Est. 1982
International Association of Botanists / Est. 1901
International Council of Botanic Medicine / Est. 1938
Commission internationale des cartes botaniques / Est. 1889
International Association of Seed Crushers / Est. 1910
African Mycological Association / Pretoria, South Africa / Est. 1995
European Phycological Society / Est. 1996
Latin American Ethnobotanical Group / Mexico City, Mexico
Nordiska Skogbrukets Frö och Planträd
International Society of Seed Technologists / Tangent OR, USA / Est. 1997
Comité international de la pellicule cellulosique / Est. 1964
Aril Society International / Carlton TX, USA / Est. 1956
Council on Botanical and Horticultural Libraries / New York NY, USA / Est. 1969
Seed Savers Network / Byron Bay NSW, Australia / Est. 1986
International Symposium for Photosynthetic Prokaryotes
WTO Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures / Est. 1993
Phyto-sanitary Convention for Africa South of the Sahara / Est. 1954
Nordiska Samarbetsgruppen för Skogsfröforskning
ASEAN Forest Tree Seed Centre Project / Saraburi, Thailand / Est. 1981
International Commission for Algology / Fort Pierce FL, USA
Association des établissements multiplicateurs de semences fourragères des CE / Est. 1969
Phycological Society of Southern Africa / Scottsville, South Africa / Est. 1981
Monitoring Institute for Rare Breeds and Seeds in Europe / Est. 1995
Centre africain de recherche et de formation phytosanitaires / Dschang, Cameroon

View all profiles (149 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

Action Strategies relating to Botany

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Making effective use of medicinal plants
Maintaining database on plants
Promoting horticultural study
Conserving vulnerable vegetable germplasm
Exploring hybrid seed varieties
Studying pathogenic fungi
Expanding research on plants
Establishing international phytosanitary standards
Coordinating seed quality development
Decriminalizing coca leaf production
Studying palaeobotany
Searching for plants with medical properties
Researching fungi
Exchanging seeds
Developing botanic gardens
Reporting malpractice in botany
Testing seeds
Developing personal contacts among botanists
Disseminating phycological information
Securing initial capital investment
Purchasing seeds
Understanding seed money concept
Communicating photosynthesis research
Locating wild grown seeds
Producing leaf concentrate

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