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Logic is the study of correct reasoning. It includes both formal and informal logic. Formal logic is the study of deductively valid inferences or logical truths. It examines how conclusions follow from premises due to the structure of arguments alone, independent of their topic and content. Informal logic is associated with informal fallacies, critical thinking, and argumentation theory. It examines arguments expressed in natural language while formal logic uses formal language. When used as a countable noun, the term "a logic" refers to a logical formal system that articulates a proof system. Logic plays a central role in many fields, such as philosophy, mathematics, computer science, and linguistics.

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Organizations relating to Logic

Le Cercle
Australasian Association for Logic / Parkville VIC, Australia / Est. 1964
Richard Dawkins Foundation for Reason and Science / Washington DC, USA
Ilopango Agreement Concerning Inspection Procedures with the Objective of Guaranteeing the Safety of Flight Operations in Central America, Panama and Belize / Est. 1995
International Case-Based Reasoning Society
International Joint Conference on Automated Reasoning / Est. 2001
European Conference on Argumentation / Est. 2015
Workshop on Logic, Language, Information and Computation / Est. 1994
International Conference on Axiomatic Design / Est. 2000
International Joint Conference on Rules and Reasoning / Est. 2017
International Workshop on Boolean Functions and their Applications / Est. 2014
International Federation for Computational Logic / Cambridge, UK
European Jewish Call for Reason / Paris, France
European Society for Fuzzy Logic and Technology / Oviedo, Spain / Est. 1998
Advances in Modal Logic / Helsinki, Finland / Est. 1995
International Conference on Case-Based Reasoning / Est. 1993
International Society for the Interdisciplinary Study of Symmetry / Budapest, Hungary / Est. 1989
European Conference on Symbolic and Quantitative Approaches to Reasoning with Uncertainty
International Workshop on Qualitative Reasoning / Est. 1987
European Association for Computer Science Logic / Est. 1992
Scandinavian Logic Society / Stockholm, Sweden / Est. 2012
European Alternatives / Palermo, Italy / Est. 2006
Association for Symbolic Logic / Storrs CT, USA / Est. 1936
Association of Logic, Language and Information / Est. 1991
Principles of Knowledge Representation and Reasoning
International Workshop on Nonmonotonic Reasoning / Est. 1984

View all profiles (49 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

Action Strategies relating to Logic

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Requiring objectified subjectivity
Using counterfactual reasoning
Using spurious arguments
Using plausible arguments
Sharing assignment rational
Reasoning with common sense
Using obfuscatory arguments
Achieving logical cultural integration
Exemplifying rational assignment
Uncovering fallacies of logic
Criticizing sophistry
Using sophistry
Requiring rational articulation of significance
Establishing rational meeting processes
Clarifying arguments
Presenting verifying arguments
Avoiding the irrational
Highlighting bad arguments
Providing sufficient objectivity
Being objective
Abstaining from objectivity

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