Societal Problems → Punishment
UN Sustainable Development Goals
Punishment is the imposition of an undesirable or unpleasant outcome upon a group or individual, meted out by an authority—in contexts ranging from child discipline to criminal law—as a response and deterrent to a particular action or behavior that is deemed undesirable or unacceptable. The reasoning may be to condition a child to avoid self-endangerment, to impose social conformity, to defend norms, to protect against future harms, and to maintain the law—and respect for rule of law—under which the social group is governed. Punishment may be self-inflicted as with self-flagellation and mortification of the flesh in the religious setting, but is most often a form of social coercion.
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Organizations relating to Punishment
Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights Aiming at the Abolition of the Death Penalty / Est. 1989
Asian and Pacific Conference of Correctional Administrators / Wanchai, Hong Kong / Est. 1980
Convention on the International Right of Correction / Est. 1953
World Coalition Against the Death Penalty / Montreuil, France / Est. 2002
Death Watch International / Harrow, UK
African Forum against the Death Penalty / Lomé, Togo
Centre de recherche en matière pénale - Fernand Boulan / Aix-en-Provence, France / Est. 1989
International Circle of Penal Abolitionists / Sydney, Australia / Est. 1982
International Association of Correctional Officers / Lincoln NE, USA / Est. 1977
Global Initiative to End All Corporal Punishment of Children / London, UK / Est. 2001
Convention Concerning the Abolition of Penal Sanctions for Breaches of Contract of Employment by Indigenous Workers / Geneva, Switzerland / Est. 1955
Optional Protocol to the UN Convention Against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment / Est. 2002
African Jurists' Association / Dakar, Senegal / Est. 1979
European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment / Strasbourg, France / Est. 1987
Benelux Treaty on the Execution of Legal Decisions in Penal Matters / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1968
Convention for the Prevention of Terrorism and Punishment of Terrorism / Est. 1937
Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Crimes Against Internationally Protected Persons, Including Diplomatic Agents / Est. 1973
International Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to Penal Jurisdiction in Matters of Collision or other Incidents of Navigation / Est. 1952
Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights to Abolish the Death Penalty / Washington DC, USA / Est. 1990
Convention to Prevent and Punish the Acts of Terrorism Taking the Form of Crimes Against Persons and Related Extortion That Are of International Significance / Washington DC, USA / Est. 1971
Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide / Est. 1948
International Association of Correctional Training Personnel / Lexington KY, USA / Est. 1974
European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment / Strasbourg, France / Est. 1987
Treaty on International Penal Law, 1940 / Est. 1940
European Convention on the Punishment of Road Traffic Offences / Strasbourg, France / Est. 1964
World Problems relating to PunishmentFrom the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential
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