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Societal Problems → Punishment

UN Sustainable Development Goals

GOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions


Punishment is the imposition of an undesirable or unpleasant outcome upon a group or individual, meted out by an authority—in contexts ranging from child discipline to criminal law—as a response and deterrent to a particular action or behaviour that is deemed undesirable or unacceptable. The reasoning may be to condition a child to avoid self-endangerment, to impose social conformity, to defend norms, to protect against future harms, and to maintain the law—and respect for rule of law—under which the social group is governed. Punishment may be self-inflicted as with self-flagellation and mortification of the flesh in the religious setting, but is most often a form of social coercion.

From Wikipedia

Organizations relating to Punishment

Second Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights Aiming at the Abolition of the Death Penalty / Est. 1989
Asian and Pacific Conference of Correctional Administrators / Wanchai, Hong Kong / Est. 1980
Caribbean Basin Corrections Association
Convention on the International Right of Correction / Est. 1953
World Coalition Against the Death Penalty / Montreuil, France / Est. 2002
Death Watch International / Harrow, UK
African Forum against the Death Penalty / Lomé, Togo
Centre de recherche en matière pénale - Fernand Boulan / Aix-en-Provence, France / Est. 1989
International Circle of Penal Abolitionists / Sydney, Australia / Est. 1982
International Union of Penal Law / Est. 1889
Arab Organization for Social Defence Against Crime / Est. 1960
Conference of Eastern, Southern and Central African Heads of Correctional Services
International Association of Correctional Officers / Lincoln NE, USA / Est. 1977
Global Initiative to End All Corporal Punishment of Children / London, UK / Est. 2001
Convention Concerning the Abolition of Penal Sanctions for Breaches of Contract of Employment by Indigenous Workers / Geneva, Switzerland / Est. 1955
European Collective against Impunity
World Punishment Organization
End Physical Punishment of Children / Est. 1990
Optional Protocol to the UN Convention Against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment / Est. 2002
International Bureau for the Unification of Penal Law / Est. 1926
African Jurists' Association / Dakar, Senegal / Est. 1979
European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment / Strasbourg, France / Est. 1987
Copenhagen Initiative for Central America and Mexico / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1991
Faithworks Worldwide
Benelux Treaty on the Execution of Legal Decisions in Penal Matters / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1968

View all profiles (92 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Punishment

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Parental punishment
Corporal punishment
Collective punishment
Sham executions
Inadequate correctional systems
Restrictions against small enterprise
Parole violation
Denial of right to freedom from retroactive laws and punishments
Demolition of homes by government authorities
Prison riots
Restricted access of parents to children after divorce
Wrath of God
Eternal punishment
Impunity of violators of human rights
Extra-legal executions
Childhood martyrdom
Lenient judicial system
Paternalistic punishment
Excessive award of punitive damages
Execution of animals
Impunity of government agents
Government failure to prosecute offenders
Punitive public attitudes towards crime

Action Strategies relating to Punishment

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Abolishing death penalty
Protecting the environment through criminal prosecution
Punishing violators of human rights
Punishing war criminals
Imposing capital punishment
Delivering retributive justice
Promoting cross-cultural correctional research
Judging criminals
Re-socializing individuals
Deterring crime with legal information
Using paramilitary forces
Sustaining correctional constructs
Providing punitive constructs
Advocating capital punishment as a deterrent
Privatizing prisons
Providing inadequate punishment of international criminals in their own countries
Increasing effectiveness of war crime prosecution
Increasing effectiveness of correctional institutions
Fostering penal progress
Punishing military desertion
Applying punitive discipline
Requiring restitution for criminal offences
Providing equitable punishment
Regulating penal systems
Providing penal systems

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