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Societal Problems → Pollution

UN Sustainable Development Goals

GOAL 6: Clean Water and SanitationGOAL 7: Affordable and Clean Energy


Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause adverse change. Pollution can take the form of chemical substances or energy, such as noise, heat or light. Pollutants, the components of pollution, can be either foreign substances/energies or naturally occurring contaminants. Pollution is often classed as point source or nonpoint source pollution. In 2015, pollution killed 9 million people in the world.

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Organizations relating to Pollution

International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution Damage / London, UK / Est. 2001
Marine Emergency Mutual Aid Centre / Manama, Bahrain / Est. 1982
International Commission on Biological Effects of Noise / The Hague, Netherlands / Est. 1968
Agreement on the Implementation of a European Project on Pollution, on the Topic 'sewage Sludge Processing' / Est. 1971
Protocol for the Protection of the Southeast Pacific Against Pollution from Land-based Sources / Quito, Ecuador / Est. 1983
Amendments to the Protocol for the Prevention of Pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by Dumping from Ships and Aircraft / Est. 1995
Oilwatch / Port Harcourt, Nigeria / Est. 1996
Centre of Documentation, Research and Experimentation on Accidental Water Pollution / Brest, France / Est. 1978
ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution / Est. 2002
International Convention Relating to Intervention on the High Seas in Cases of Oil Pollution Casualties / London, UK / Est. 1969
Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission - Helsinki Commission / Helsinki, Finland / Est. 1974
Air Infiltration and Ventilation Centre / Sint-Stevens-Woluwe, Belgium / Est. 1979
European Federation of Clean Air and Environmental Protection Associations / Pfinztal, Germany / Est. 1996
International Maritime Organization / London, UK / Est. 1948
International Tanker Owners Pollution Federation / London, UK / Est. 1968
Mediterranean Action Plan / Athens, Greece / Est. 1975
MED POL - Programme for the Assessment and Control of Pollution in the Mediterranean Sea / Athens, Greece / Est. 1975
Protocol of 1997 to Amend the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973, as Modified by the Protocol of 1978 Relating Thereto / London, UK / Est. 1997
Protection of the Arctic Marine Environment / Akureyri, Iceland / Est. 1993
Protocol Concerning Regional Cooperation in Combating Pollution by Oil and other Harmful Substances in Case of Emergency / Jeddah, Saudi Arabia / Est. 1982
International Confederation of Contamination Control Societies / Düsseldorf, Germany / Est. 1972
International Conference on Mercury as a Global Pollutant
International Dark-Sky Association / Tucson AZ, USA / Est. 1988
Protocol Concerning Regional Cooperation in Combating Pollution by Oil and other Harmful Substances in Cases of Emergency / Safat, Kuwait / Est. 1978
International Society of Environmental Botanists / Lucknow, India / Est. 1994

View all profiles (202 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Pollution

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Global warming
Mercury as a pollutant
Environmental pollution
Air pollution
Hormone pollution
Pollution by aircraft
Health hazards of air pollution for plants
Contaminated animal feed
Environmental consequences of war
Lead as an environmental pollutant
Particulate atmospheric pollution
Emissions from combustion engines
Environmental hazards of pesticides
Negative ecological impact of overpopulation
Dioxin poisoning
Demographic fatigue
Polychlorinated biphenyls as a health hazard
Water pollution
Malodorous fumes
Disposal of pollutants from chimney scrubbers
Water pollution from fish production
Discrimination against people of unpleasant body odour
Unsafe blood-related products
Nuclear accidents in space

Action Strategies relating to Pollution

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Advancing environmental health
Protecting against environmental hazards from chemicals
Reducing transport emissions
Reducing marine pollution
Exchanging information to control transboundary air pollution
Reducing urban air pollution
Preventing marine pollution from land-based sources

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