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UN Sustainable Development Goals

GOAL 15: Life on Land


Ecology is a branch of biology concerning interactions among organisms and their biophysical environment, which includes both biotic and abiotic components. Topics of interest include the biodiversity, distribution, biomass, and populations of organisms, as well as cooperation and competition within and between species. Ecosystems are dynamically interacting systems of organisms, the communities they make up, and the non-living components of their environment. Ecosystem processes, such as primary production, pedogenesis, nutrient cycling, and niche construction, regulate the flux of energy and matter through an environment. These processes are sustained by organisms with specific life history traits.

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Organizations relating to Ecology

European ECO Forum / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1993
Global Ecovillage Network - Europe / Beetzendorf, Germany / Est. 1995
International Union of Radioecology / Saint-Paul-lez-Durance, France / Est. 1978
AGRECOL Afrique: Networking and Information Centre for Sustainable Agriculture in Africa / Thiès, Senegal / Est. 2001
Genetic Resources Center / Est. 1989
EcoAgriculture Partners / Washington DC, USA / Est. 2002
African Highland Initiative Eco-regional Programme / Kampala, Uganda / Est. 1995
Oilwatch / Port Harcourt, Nigeria / Est. 1996
Grassland Society of Southern Africa / Pietermaritzburg, South Africa / Est. 1966
International Society for Industrial Ecology / New Haven CT, USA / Est. 2001
Working Group on Tourism and Development / Basel, Switzerland / Est. 1977
EcoPeace Middle East / Amman, Jordan / Est. 1994
PRO SILVA / Aberystwyth, UK / Est. 1989
Climate Action Network Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia / Est. 1994
Gund Institute for Ecological Economics / Est. 1991
Mountain Research Initiative / Bern, Switzerland / Est. 2001
Inter-State Commission Water Coordination of Central Asia / Tashkent, Uzbekistan / Est. 1992
World Forum for Acoustic Ecology / Fairfield, Australia / Est. 1993
International Society of Ecological Modelling / Zagreb, Croatia / Est. 1975
Global Association for People and the Environment / Pakse, Laos / Est. 1999
Emerald Network / Strasbourg, France / Est. 1989
Institute of Ecotechnics / London, UK / Est. 1969
Ecologists Linked for Organizing Grassroots Initiatives and Action / Middlebury VT, USA / Est. 1989
Sustainability Challenge Foundation / Tilburg, Netherlands / Est. 1994
Latin American and Caribbean Agro-Ecological Movement / Est. 1992

View all profiles (314 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Ecology

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Natural environment degradation
Environmental hazards of exotic species introduction
Environmental degradation
Threatened coral reef ecosystems
Irreversible environmental trends
Environmental consequences of war
Natural environmental degradation from recreation and tourism
Negative ecological impact of overpopulation
Neglect of environmental consequences of government policies
Inappropriate tree plantations
Environmental hazards from logging
Non-destructible containers and packaging
Recurring mass extinctions of species
Disruption of arid zone ecosystems
Degradation of fragile ecosystems
Overpopulation of shipping vessels
Threatened estuarine habitats
Threatened glacial habitats
Fragmentation of natural habitat
Threatened lake habitats
Hazardous locations for nuclear power plants
Permafrost instability
Criminal offences against the environment
Degradation of mountain environment by leisure activities
Excessive population demands on the environment

Action Strategies relating to Ecology

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Using environmental labelling
Spiritualizing nature
Using agroecology
Producing environmental resource inventories
Expanding environmental management education and training
Integrating biodiversity conservation and landscape management
Developing ecological networks
Advancing ecotourism
Monitoring global environment
Promoting organic farming
Capturing environmental value
Managing ecosystems sustainably
Restoring environmental damage
Designing ecologically
Applying ecological footprint analysis
Protecting wetland ecosystems
Conserving global marine biological diversity

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