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UN Sustainable Development Goals

GOAL 15: Life on Land


Ecology is a branch of biology that studies the interactions among organisms and their biophysical environment, which includes both biotic and abiotic components. Topics of interest include the biodiversity, distribution, biomass, and populations of organisms, as well as cooperation and competition within and between species. Ecosystems are dynamically interacting systems of organisms, the communities they make up, and the non-living components of their environment. Ecosystem processes, such as primary production, pedogenesis, nutrient cycling, and niche construction, regulate the flux of energy and matter through an environment. These processes are sustained by organisms with specific life history traits.

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Organizations relating to Ecology

European ECO Forum / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1993
Global Ecovillage Network - Europe / Beetzendorf, Germany / Est. 1995
International Union of Radioecology / Saint-Paul-lez-Durance, France / Est. 1978
AGRECOL Afrique: Networking and Information Centre for Sustainable Agriculture in Africa / Thiès, Senegal / Est. 2001
Genetic Resources Center / Est. 1989
EcoAgriculture Partners / Washington DC, USA / Est. 2002
African Highland Initiative Eco-regional Programme / Kampala, Uganda / Est. 1995
Oilwatch / Port Harcourt, Nigeria / Est. 1996
Grassland Society of Southern Africa / Pietermaritzburg, South Africa / Est. 1966
International Society for Industrial Ecology / New Haven CT, USA / Est. 2001
Working Group on Tourism and Development / Basel, Switzerland / Est. 1977
EcoPeace Middle East / Amman, Jordan / Est. 1994
PRO SILVA / Aberystwyth, UK / Est. 1989
Climate Action Network Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia / Est. 1994
Gund Institute for Ecological Economics / Est. 1991
Mountain Research Initiative / Bern, Switzerland / Est. 2001
Inter-State Coordination Water Commission of Central Asia / Tashkent, Uzbekistan / Est. 1992
World Forum for Acoustic Ecology / Fairfield, Australia / Est. 1993
International Society of Ecological Modelling / Zagreb, Croatia / Est. 1975
Global Association for People and the Environment / Pakse, Laos / Est. 1999
Emerald Network / Strasbourg, France / Est. 1989
Institute of Ecotechnics / London, UK / Est. 1969
Ecologists Linked for Organizing Grassroots Initiatives and Action / Middlebury VT, USA / Est. 1989
Sustainability Challenge Foundation / Tilburg, Netherlands / Est. 1994
Latin American and Caribbean Agro-Ecological Movement / Est. 1992

View all profiles (310 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Ecology

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Natural environmental degradation from recreation and tourism
Threatened coral reef ecosystems
Negative ecological impact of overpopulation
Neglect of environmental consequences of government policies
Inappropriate tree plantations
Natural environment degradation
Environmental degradation
Environmental consequences of war
Irreversible environmental trends
Degradation of fragile ecosystems
Overpopulation of shipping vessels
Disruption of arid zone ecosystems
Threatened estuarine habitats
Threatened glacial habitats
Fragmentation of natural habitat
Threatened lake habitats
Hazardous locations for nuclear power plants
Permafrost instability
Criminal offences against the environment
Environmental hazards from logging
Degradation of mountain environment by leisure activities
Excessive population demands on the environment
Suppression of information concerning environmental problems
Violence by fanatical environmentalists
Inappropriate irrigation schemes

Action Strategies relating to Ecology

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Greening urban environments
Protecting mountain habitats
Managing fragile ecosystems
Making environmental products
Designing ecologically
Using biological pest control
Developing and strengthening restoration ecology
Educating in deep ecology
Spiritualizing nature
Capturing environmental value
Researching economics of conservation
Using environmental labelling
Conserving global biodiversity
Informing about ecological agriculture
Assessing ecological status of waters
Applying culture-based knowledge systems
Using ecosystem approach for settlement planning
Using ecological approach for environmental infrastructure
Using agroecology
Living sustainable lifestyles
Building ecologically
Using permaculture agriculture
Using agro-ecosystems in conservation management
Maintaining healthy ecosystems
Undertaking human ecological research

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