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The ear is the organ of hearing and, in mammals, balance. In mammals, the ear is usually described as having three parts—the outer ear, the middle ear and the inner ear. The outer ear consists of the pinna and the ear canal. Since the outer ear is the only visible portion of the ear in most animals, the word "ear" often refers to the external part alone. The middle ear includes the tympanic cavity and the three ossicles. The inner ear sits in the bony labyrinth, and contains structures which are key to several senses: the semicircular canals, which enable balance and eye tracking when moving; the utricle and saccule, which enable balance when stationary; and the cochlea, which enables hearing. The ears of vertebrates are placed somewhat symmetrically on either side of the head, an arrangement that aids sound localisation.

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Organizations relating to Ear

European Children's Film Association / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1988
European Forum for Restorative Justice / Leuven, Belgium / Est. 2000
International Bureau of the Societies Administering the Rights of Mechanical Recording and Reproduction / Neuilly-sur-Seine, France / Est. 1929
IIED América-Latina / Buenos Aires, Argentina / Est. 1988
International Society for Invertebrate Neurobiology / Tihany, Hungary / Est. 1989
International Network for Urban Research and Action / Zurich, Switzerland / Est. 1991
Canadian Ecumenical Justice Initiatives / Toronto ON, Canada / Est. 2001
International Commission for the Prevention of Alcoholism and Drug Dependency / Silver Spring MD, USA / Est. 1952
Institute of World Economics and Politics, Hanoi / Hanoi, Vietnam / Est. 1983
Marie Schlei Association - Assistance for Women in Africa, Asia and Latin America / Hamburg, Germany / Est. 1984
UCSJ - Union of Councils for Jews in the Former Soviet Union / Washington DC, USA / Est. 1970
International Association of Prosecutors / The Hague, Netherlands / Est. 1995
Latin American Information System on Trade and Environment / Montevideo, Uruguay
European Network of Building Research Institutes / Sint-Stevens-Woluwe, Belgium / Est. 1988
Fondation TerrEspoir / Bussigny, Switzerland / Est. 1996
FIAN International / Heidelberg, Germany / Est. 1986
European ECO Forum / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1993
European Federation for the Vitrified Clay Pipe Industry / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1957
ASM International / Materials Park OH, USA / Est. 1913
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights / Est. 1966
Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights / Est. 1966
Nordic Federation of Building and Wood Workers / Stockholm, Sweden / Est. 1952
Lepidopterists' Society / Edmonton AB, Canada / Est. 1947
Soroptimist International of the Americas / Philadelphia PA, USA / Est. 1921
European Network of Women Elected Representatives of Local and Regional Authorities / Paris, France / Est. 1996

View all profiles (22 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Ear

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Otitis media
Ménière's disease
Acoustic trauma
Vestibular disorders

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