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UN Sustainable Development Goals


In thermodynamics, heat is energy in transfer to or from a thermodynamic system, by mechanisms other than thermodynamic work or transfer of matter. The mechanisms include conduction, through direct contact of immobile bodies, or through a wall or barrier that is impermeable to matter; or radiation between separated bodies; or isochoric mechanical work done by the surroundings on the system of interest; or Joule heating by an electric current driven through the system of interest by an external system; or a combination of these. When there is a suitable path between two systems with different temperatures, heat transfer occurs necessarily, immediately, and spontaneously from the hotter to the colder system. Thermal conduction occurs by the stochastic (random) motion of microscopic particles. In contrast, thermodynamic work is defined by mechanisms that act macroscopically and directly on the system's whole-body state variables; for example, change of the system's volume through a piston's motion with externally measurable force; or change of the system's internal electric polarization through an externally measurable change in electric field. The definition of heat transfer does not require that the process be in any sense smooth. For example, a bolt of lightning may transfer heat to a body.

From Wikipedia

Organizations relating to Heat

Network of African Medical Anthropologists / Est. 1992
IIED América-Latina / Est. 1988
Center for Global Change and Governance / Est. 1995
International Association of Refrigerated Warehouses / Est. 1891
International Violet Association
Global Climate Forum / Est. 2001
Programme for Theology and Cultures in Asia / Est. 1987
European Society for Immunodeficiencies / Est. 1994
International Working Group for Biopsychosocial Cancer Research / Est. 1994
Missionary Sisters of the Holy Ghost / Est. 1921
International Pesticide Applicators Association / Est. 1953
International Sikh Youth Fund
European Sleep Research Society / Est. 1972
Oblates of Saint Benedict / Est. 1871
European Project AIDS and Mobility / Est. 1991
Falun Dafa
Allergy International
North East Asia Association of Theological Schools
UNANIMA International / Est. 2002
International Grooving and Grinding Association / Est. 1972
Church of God - Men International / Est. 1946
Climate Action Network North Africa
ESF Network on Insect-Plant Interactions / Est. 1990
Congrégation de Notre-Dame / Est. 1698
ESF Network on Quaternary Mammalian Faunas / Est. 1991

View all profiles (86 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Heat

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Global warming
Cold injuries
Heat rash
Excessive climatic heat
Inadequate waste incineration
Thermal pollution
Cold as an occupational hazard
Urban heat islands
Muscular rheumatism
Cold sores
Underutilization of ocean energy
Cold torture
Pattern of Summer Heat Dampness pernicious influence in the body
Patterns of exterior Wind / Cold in the body
Pattern of Wind Cold with Dampness in the body
Disharmony of Coldness in the body
Patterns of Cold disharmony of the body
Disharmony of Summer Heat in the body
Patterns of Heat disharmony of the body
Thermic diarrhoea
Numbness towards others
Threatened polar desert habitats

Action Strategies relating to Heat

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Incinerating wastes
Improving acclimatization of buildings
Using cogeneration of electricity and heat
Using solar power to heat water
Monitoring thermal pollution
Procuring cryopreservation
Distributing heat
Advancing thermal sciences
Promoting contact among thermal scientists
Conserving available home heat
Reducing thermal pollution
Improving protection from cold weather
Managing hot weather violence
Recovering heat from natural ventilation systems
Treating waste by incineration
Linking thermal analysts
Developing cryogenic storage for endangered plant species
Giving priority to cryogenic storage
Adapting to heatwave conditions
Reducing heat loss in buildings
Using high-performance windows
Transporting goods under controlled temperature
Providing heating in cold countries

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