Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 15: Sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, halt biodiversity loss

Life on Land

Forests cover 30.7 per cent of the Earth’s surface and, in addition to providing food security and shelter, they are key to combating climate change, protecting biodiversity and the homes of the indigenous population. By protecting forests, we will also be able to strengthen natural resource management and increase land productivity.

At the current time, thirteen million hectares of forests are being lost every year while the persistent degradation of drylands has led to the desertification of 3.6 billion hectares. Even though up to 15% of land is currently under protection, biodiversity is still at risk. Deforestation and desertification – caused by human activities and climate change – pose major challenges to sustainable development and have affected the lives and livelihoods of millions of people in the fight against poverty.

Efforts are being made to manage forests and combat desertification. There are two international agreements being implemented currently that promote the use of resources in an equitable way. Financial investments in support of biodiversity are also being provided.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II

Society for Brain Mapping and Therapeutics

SBMT 2004 Hollywood CA USA N

Society for Conservation and Protection of Environment


Society for Conservation Biology

SCB 1985 Washington DC USA F

Society for Conservation GIS

SCGIS 1997 N

Society for Ecological Restoration International

SERI 1987 Washington DC USA G

Society for Environmental Geochemistry and Health

SEGH 1971 D v

Society for Human Ecology

1981 Bar Harbor ME USA G

Society for Longitudinal and Life Course Studies

SLLS 2010 Newton Abbot UK C

Society for Microbial Ecology and Disease

SOMED 1978 Bucharest Romania D

Society for Participatory Research in Asia

PRIA 1982 Delhi India G

Society for the Conservation of Endangered Carnivores and their International Ecological Study


Society for the Conservation of Reef Fish Aggregations

SCRFA Hong Kong Hong Kong D

Society for the Preservation of the Natural History Collections

SPNHC 1985 New York NY USA G

Society for the Protection of Animals Abroad

SPANA 1923 London UK G

Society for the Protection of Human and Environmental Rights International

SPHER International London UK J

Society for the Protection of Unborn Children

SPUC 1967 London UK G

Society for Tropical Ecology

1995 Frankfurt-Main Germany G

Society for Urban Ecology

SURE 2009 Salzburg Austria C

Society of Cleaning and Restoration Technicians

SCRT 1971 Wilmington OH USA N

Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

SETAC 1979 Brussels Belgium F v

Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry Europe

SETAC Europe 1989 Brussels Belgium E

Society of Exploration Geophysicists

SEG 1930 Tulsa OK USA G v

Society of Wetland Scientists

SWS 1980 Georgetown SC USA G

Socio-Ecological Union

1988 D

Sodalicio de Vida Cristiana

SCV 1971 Lima Peru E

Soil and Water Conservation Society

SWCS 1943 Ankeny IA USA G

Soil Association

1946 Bristol UK G

Soil Science Society of East Africa

SSSEA 1975 Nairobi Kenya D

Soil Security and Planetary Health Conference

2015 S c

Solar Cookers International

SCI 1987 Sacramento CA USA F

Solar Influences Data Analysis Centre

SIDC 1981 E


1969 Utrecht Netherlands F

Solution Mining Research Institute

SMRI 1959 E j

SOS Chrétiens d'Orient

2013 Paris France G f

South Asia Cooperative Environment Programme

SACEP 1982 Colombo Sri Lanka F g

South Asia Watch on Trade, Economics and Environment

SAWTEE 1994 Kathmandu Nepal F t

South Asian Forum for Environment

SAFE 1998 Kolkata India G

South Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics

SANDEE 1999 Kathmandu Nepal F

South Pacific Environmental Radioactivity Association

SPERA 1991 Lucas Heights NSW Australia D

South Pacific Regional Fisheries Management Organisation

SPRFMO Wellington New Zealand D g

South Pacific Whale Research Consortium

SPWRC 2000 Avarua Cook Is D

SouthEast and Central European Network of Forest-Based Clusters

SCENet FB Clusters 2008 J

Southeast Asia Regional Committee

SARCS 1993 Chung Li Taiwan E

Southeast Asian Biosphere Reserve Network

SeaBRnet 1998 Jakarta Indonesia F

Southeast Asian Laboratories Network


Southeast Asian Network for Agroforestry Education

SEANAFE 1999 Santa Cruz Philippines F

Southeast Asian Regional Branch of the International Council on Archives

SARBICA 1968 Hanoi Vietnam K

Southern African and Islands Hydrographic Commission

SAIHC 1996 Monte Carlo Monaco K g

Southern African Built Environment Research Centre

SABERC Bellville South Africa N

Southern African Development Community

SADC 1992 Gaborone Botswana F g