Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 15: Sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, halt biodiversity loss

Life on Land

Forests cover 30.7 per cent of the Earth’s surface and, in addition to providing food security and shelter, they are key to combating climate change, protecting biodiversity and the homes of the indigenous population. By protecting forests, we will also be able to strengthen natural resource management and increase land productivity.

At the current time, thirteen million hectares of forests are being lost every year while the persistent degradation of drylands has led to the desertification of 3.6 billion hectares. Even though up to 15% of land is currently under protection, biodiversity is still at risk. Deforestation and desertification – caused by human activities and climate change – pose major challenges to sustainable development and have affected the lives and livelihoods of millions of people in the fight against poverty.

Efforts are being made to manage forests and combat desertification. There are two international agreements being implemented currently that promote the use of resources in an equitable way. Financial investments in support of biodiversity are also being provided.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II Type III

Agreement on the Preservation of the Confidentiality of Data Concerning Deep Seabed Areas

1986 T g Treaties, IGOs

Agreement on Transboundary Cooperation with a View to Preventing or Limiting Harmful Effects for Human Beings, Property or the Environment in the Event of Accidents

1989 T g Treaties, IGOs

Agreement Respecting the Whangpoo Conservancy

1905 T g Treaties, IGOs

Agreement to Promote Compliance with the International Conservation and Management Measures by Fishing Vessels on the High Seas

1993 Rome Italy T g FAO Bodies, Treaties, IGOs

Agricultural and Land and Water Use Commission for the Near East

ALAWUC Cairo Egypt E gy FAO Bodies, International Federations, IGOs


2006 Paris France F

Agro-forestry Coordinating Association of Indigenous Peoples and Farmers

1994 San José Costa Rica E


ABM 1990 Athens Greece E

Agroecology Europe

2016 Corbais Belgium D

AgroEcology Fund

AEF 2012 J f Funds


1992 Erskineville Australia G

Air and Waste Management Association

A and WMA 1907 Pittsburgh PA USA N Professional Bodies

Åland International Institute of Comparative Island Studies

AICIS 2007 Mariehamn Finland N j Institutes

Albert Schweitzer Fellowship

1939 Boston MA USA G

Albertine Rift Conservation Society

ARCOS 1995 Cambridge UK E

Alcoa Foundation

1952 F f Foundations

Aleut International Association

AIA 1998 Anchorage AK USA G

Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa

AGRA 2006 Nairobi Kenya F

Alliance for Beverage Cartons and the Environment

ACE 1995 Brussels Belgium F

Alliance for Social and Ecological Consumer Organisations


Alliance for Sustainability

1983 Minneapolis MN USA G

Alliance for Zero Extinction

AZE 2005 The Plains VA USA C y International Federations

Alliance of Marine Mammal Parks and Aquariums

AMMPA 1987 G y International Federations

Alliance of Religions and Conservation

ARC 1995 Bath UK F

Alliance of Small Island States

AOSIS 1990 New York NY USA F g IGOs

Alliance to End Plastic Waste

AEPW 2019 Dover DE USA C

Alpine Ibex European Specialist Group

GSE-AIESG 1988 Turin Italy E


Brussels Belgium F y International Federations

Amazon Center for Environmental Education and Research

ACEER 1991 West Chester PA USA G

Amazon Conservation Association

ACA 1999 Washington DC USA G

Amazon Conservation Team

ACT Arlington VA USA G

Amazon Environmental Research Institute

1995 Belém Brazil G j Institutes

Amazon International Rainforest Reserve

AIRR 1991 Dallas TX USA N

Amazon Watch

1996 Oakland CA USA G Human Rights Organizations

Ambulances animaux sans frontières

Ambulances ASF 1994 Brussels Belgium G

AME World Ecology Foundation

1976 Sao Paulo Brazil G f Foundations

American Academy of Environmental Medicine

AAEM 1965 Wichita KS USA N v

American Fisheries Society

AFS 1870 Bethesda MD USA G v

American Near East Refugee Aid

ANERA 1968 Washington DC USA G Humanitarian Organizations


E g IGOs

Amphibian Ark

AArk Apple Valley MN USA E y International Federations

Amphibian Survival Alliance


Analysis and Experimentation on Ecosystems


Ancient Forest International

AFI 1990 Redway CA USA G

Ancient Tree Forum

ATF 1993 Bristol UK N

Andean Institute of Ecology and Development

Cusco Peru G j Institutes

Andean-Patagonian Forestry Research and Advisory Centre

1988 Esquel Argentina G

Animal Ambassadors International


Animal Assisted Intervention International

AAII 2013 Groesbeek Netherlands C y International Federations

Animal Cell Technology Industrial Platform

ACTIP La Nucia Spain F