Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 15: Sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, halt biodiversity loss

Life on Land

Goal 15 is about conserving life on land. It is to protect and restore terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and stop biodiversity loss.

Earth’s ecosystems are vital for sustaining human life, they contribute to over half of global GDP and encompass diverse cultural, spiritual, and economic values.

However, the world is facing a triple crisis of climate change, pollution and biodiversity loss.

Between 2015 and 2019, at least 100 million hectares of healthy and productive land were degraded every year, impacting the lives of 1.3 billion people.

Agricultural expansion is the direct driver of almost 90 per cent of deforestation. This is in direct relation to our food systems, and oil palm harvesting accounted for 7 per cent of global deforestation from 2000 to 2018.

Global and regional efforts to sustain forest ecosystems as well as their social, economic and environmental functions are essential, in particular for developing countries and the tropics.

We need to shift humanity’s relationship with nature to achieve Goal 15, and realise that nature is the root of our life of earth. The recently adopted Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework provides renewed impetus for Goal 15, outlining four outcome- oriented goals to be achieved by 2050 and 23 targets to be achieved by 2030.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II

Agreement Concerning Cooperation for the Saving of Human Lives and Assistance to Vessels and Aircraft in Distress in the Black Sea

1956 T g

Agreement Concerning the Voluntary Contributions to be Given for the Execution of the Project to Preserve and Develop the Monumental Site of Mohenjodaro

1980 T g

Agreement Concerning the Voluntary Contributions to be Given for the Execution of the Project to Preserve Borobudur

1973 T g

Agreement for Cooperation and Consultation between the Central African States for the Conservation of Wild Fauna

1983 T g

Agreement for the Implementation of the Provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea Relating to the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks

1995 T g

Agreement on Conservation of Polar Bears

1973 T g

Agreement on Cooperative Enforcement Operations Directed at Illegal Trade in Wild Fauna and Flora

1994 T g

Agreement on the Action Plan for the Environmentally Sound Management of the Common Zambezi River System

1987 T g

Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels

ACAP 2001 Hobart TAS Australia T g

Agreement on the Conservation of Cetaceans of the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea and contiguous Atlantic Area

ACCOBAMS 1996 Monte Carlo Monaco T g

Agreement on the Conservation of Gorillas and Their Habitats

2007 Bonn Germany T g

Agreement on the Conservation of Populations of European Bats

EUROBATS 1991 Bonn Germany T g

Agreement on the Conservation of Seals in the Wadden Sea

1990 Wilhelmshaven Germany T g

Agreement on the Conservation of Small Cetaceans of the Baltic, North East Atlantic, Irish and North Seas

ASCOBANS 1992 Bonn Germany T g

Agreement on the Exploitation and Conservation of the Maritime Resources of the South Pacific

1952 T g

Agreement on the Joint Regulations of Fauna and Flora

1977 T g

Agreement on the Preparation of a Tripartite Environmental Management Programme for Lake Victoria

1994 T g

Agreement on the Preservation of the Confidentiality of Data Concerning Deep Seabed Areas

1986 T g

Agreement on Transboundary Cooperation with a View to Preventing or Limiting Harmful Effects for Human Beings, Property or the Environment in the Event of Accidents

1989 T g

Agreement Respecting the Whangpoo Conservancy

1905 T g

Agreement to Promote Compliance with the International Conservation and Management Measures by Fishing Vessels on the High Seas

1993 Rome Italy T g

Agricultural and Land and Water Use Commission for the Near East

ALAWUC Cairo Egypt E gy


2009 Cork Ireland F y


ABM 1990 Athens Greece E

Agroecology Europe

2016 Corbais Belgium D

Agroecology Fund

AEF 2012 F f


1992 Erskineville NSW Australia G


1998 San Francisco CA USA D

Air and Waste Management Association

A and WMA 1907 Pittsburgh PA USA G

Åland International Institute of Comparative Island Studies

AICIS 2007 Mariehamn Finland N j

Albert Schweitzer Fellowship

1939 Boston MA USA G

Albertine Rift Conservation Society

ARCOS 1995 Cambridge UK E

Alcoa Foundation

1952 F f

Aleut International Association

AIA 1998 Anchorage AK USA G

All-Africa Students Union

AASU 1972 Accra Ghana D

Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa

AGRA 2006 Nairobi Kenya F

Alliance for Food Sovereignty in Africa

AFSA 2008 Kampala Uganda D

Alliance for Responsible Mining

ARM 2004 Medellin Colombia D

Alliance for Social and Ecological Consumer Organisations


Alliance for Sustainability

1983 Minneapolis MN USA G

Alliance for Zero Extinction

AZE 2005 The Plains VA USA C y

Alliance homme-environnement d'Afrique, Congo DR


Alliance Internationale pour la défense des Droits et des Libertés

AIDL 2009 Paris France G

Alliance of European Voluntary Service Organizations

ALLIANCE 1982 Istanbul Türkiye F y

Alliance of International Science Organizations

ANSO 2018 Beijing China C y

Alliance of Leading Environmental Researchers & Thinkers


Alliance of Marine Mammal Parks and Aquariums

AMMPA 1987 Alexandria VA USA G y

Alliance of NGOs and CSOs for South-South Cooperation

ANCSSC 2018 London UK J

Alliance of Small Island States

AOSIS 1990 New York NY USA F g

Alliance pour la Préservation des Forêts

APF Paris France G