Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources

Life Below Water

The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. Our rainwater, drinking water, weather, climate, coastlines, much of our food, and even the oxygen in the air we breathe, are all ultimately provided and regulated by the sea. Throughout history, oceans and seas have been vital conduits for trade and transportation.

Careful management of this essential global resource is a key feature of a sustainable future. However, at the current time, there is a continuous deterioration of coastal waters owing to pollution and ocean acidification is having an adversarial effect on the functioning of ecosystems and biodiversity. This is also negatively impacting small scale fisheries.

Marine protected areas need to be effectively managed and well-resourced and regulations need to be put in place to reduce overfishing, marine pollution and ocean acidification.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II Type III

Agreement on Transboundary Cooperation with a View to Preventing or Limiting Harmful Effects for Human Beings, Property or the Environment in the Event of Accidents

1989 T g Treaties, IGOs

Agreement Regarding the Regulation of Plaice and Flounder Fishing in the Baltic Sea

1929 T g Treaties, IGOs

Agreement Relating to a Joint Ocean Weather Station in the North Atlantic

1949 T g Treaties, IGOs

Agreement Relating to the Implementation of Part XI of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982

1994 T g United Nations Bodies, Treaties, IGOs

Agreement Relating to the International Convention for Regulating the Police of the North Sea Fisheries

1955 T g Treaties, IGOs

Agreement Respecting the Whangpoo Conservancy

1905 T g Treaties, IGOs

Agreement to Promote Compliance with the International Conservation and Management Measures by Fishing Vessels on the High Seas

1993 Rome Italy T g FAO Bodies, Treaties, IGOs


2006 Paris France F


1992 Erskineville Australia G

Air and Waste Management Association

A and WMA 1907 Pittsburgh PA USA N Professional Bodies

Åland Foundation for the Baltic Sea

1989 Mariehamn Finland N f Foundations

Albert Schweitzer Fellowship

1939 Boston MA USA G

Albertine Rift Conservation Society

ARCOS 1995 Cambridge UK E

Alcoa Foundation

1952 F f Foundations

Aleut International Association

AIA 1998 Anchorage AK USA G


1999 Long Beach CA USA G

Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa

AGRA 2006 Nairobi Kenya F

Alliance for Beverage Cartons and the Environment

ACE 1995 Brussels Belgium F

Alliance for Zero Extinction

AZE 2005 The Plains VA USA C y International Federations

Alliance of Marine Mammal Parks and Aquariums

AMMPA 1987 G y International Federations

Alliance of Religions and Conservation

ARC 1995 Bath UK F

Alliance to End Plastic Waste

2019 Dover DE USA C


Brussels Belgium F y International Federations

Amazon Center for Environmental Education and Research

ACEER 1991 West Chester PA USA G

Amazon Conservation Association

ACA 1999 Washington DC USA G

Amazon Conservation Team

ACT Arlington VA USA G

Amazon Environmental Research Institute

1995 Belém Brazil G j Institutes

Amendments to the Convention for the Protection of the Mediterranean Sea Against Pollution

1995 T g Treaties, IGOs

Amendments to the Protocol for the Prevention of Pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by Dumping from Ships and Aircraft

1995 T g Treaties, IGOs

American Academy of Environmental Medicine

AAEM 1965 Wichita KS USA N v

American Fisheries Society

AFS 1870 Bethesda MD USA G v

American Society of Limnology and Oceanography

ASLO 1936 Waco TX USA N


E g IGOs

Amphibian Ark

AArk Apple Valley MN USA E y International Federations

Amphibian Survival Alliance


Andean Institute of Ecology and Development

Cusco Peru G j Institutes

Annual Meeting in Conservation Genetics

2015 S c

Antarctic and Southern Ocean Coalition

ASOC 1978 Washington DC USA F y International Federations

Antarctic Treaty

1959 Buenos Aires Argentina F g Treaties, IGOs

Apostleship of the Sea - Stella Maris

AOS 1922 Vatican City Vatican R Religious Orders

Aquacultural Engineering Society

AES 1993 Copper Hill VA USA D

Aquaculture Stewardship Council

ASC 2010 Utrecht Netherlands F


2002 Geneva Switzerland G

Arab Drilling and Workover Company

ADWOC 1980 Tripoli Libyan AJ K ge Corporations, Companies, IGOs

Arab Federation of Fish Producers

AFFP 1976 Tunis Tunisia D g IGOs

Arab Fisheries Company

AFC 1978 Jeddah Saudi Arabia E ge Corporations, Companies, IGOs

Arab Forum for Environment and Development

AFED 2006 Beirut Lebanon F y International Federations

Arab Foundation for Marine Environment

AFME 1995 Alexandria Egypt F f Foundations

Arab NGO Network for Environment and Development

RAED 1990 Cairo Egypt F

Arab Office for Youth and Environment

AOYE 1978 Cairo Egypt G