Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

Gender Equality


While the world has achieved progress towards gender equality and women’s empowerment under the Millennium Development Goals (including equal access to primary education between girls and boys), women and girls continue to suffer discrimination and violence in every part of the world.

Gender equality is not only a fundamental human right, but a necessary foundation for a peaceful, prosperous and sustainable world. Unfortunately, at the current time, 1 in 5 women and girls between the ages of 15-49 have reported experiencing physical or sexual violence by an intimate partner within a 12-month period and 49 countries currently have no laws protecting women from domestic violence. Progress is occurring regarding harmful practices such as child marriage and FGM (Female Genital Mutilation), which has declined by 30% in the past decade, but there is still much work to be done to complete eliminate such practices.

Providing women and girls with equal access to education, health care, decent work, and representation in political and economic decision-making processes will fuel sustainable economies and benefit societies and humanity at large. Implementing new legal frameworks regarding female equality in the workplace and the eradication of harmful practices targeted at women is crucial to ending the gender-based discrimination prevalent in many countries around the world.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II Type III

Convention Concerning the Employment of Women on Underground Work in Mines of all Kinds

1935 Geneva Switzerland T g ILO Bodies, Treaties, IGOs

Convention Concerning the Establishment of an International Scheme for the Maintenance of Rights under Invalidity, Old-age and Widows' and Orphans' Insurance

1936 Geneva Switzerland T g ILO Bodies, Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Convention Concerning the Establishment of an International System for the Maintenance of Rights in Social Security

1982 Geneva Switzerland T g ILO Bodies, Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Convention Concerning the Legal Status, Privileges and Immunities of Inter-state Economic Organizations Active in Certain Spheres of Cooperation

1980 T g Intergovernmental Communities, Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Convention Concerning the Right of Association and the Settlement of Labour Disputes in Non-metropolitan Territories

1947 Geneva Switzerland T g ILO Bodies, Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Convention Concerning the Rights of Association and Combination of Agricultural Workers

1921 Geneva Switzerland T g ILO Bodies, Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Dignity of the Human Being with regard to the Application of Biology and Medicine: Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine

1997 Strasbourg France T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms

1950 Strasbourg France T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Women and Children

1947 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Women of Full Age

1947 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention of the Privileges and Immunities of the League of Arab States

1953 T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters

Århus Convention 1998 Geneva Switzerland T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on Duties and Rights of States in the Event of Civil Strife

1928 Washington DC USA T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Convention on Rights and Duties of States

1933 T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Convention on Standards of Democratic Elections, Electoral Rights and Freedoms in Member Nations of the Commonwealth of Independent States

2002 T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women

CEDAW 1979 New York NY USA T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Free Issue of Certificates of Civil Status and Exemption from the Need for Legislation

1957 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the International Access to Justice

1980 The Hague Netherlands T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the International Recognition of Rights in Aircraft

1948 Montréal QC Canada T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Convention on the International Right of Correction

1953 T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Convention on the Law Applicable to Certain Rights in Respect of Securities Held with an Intermediary

2002 The Hague Netherlands T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Convention on the Nationality of Married Women

1957 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Nationality of Women

1933 Washington DC USA T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Non-applicability of Statutory Limitations to War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity

1968 T g Humanitarian Organizations, Treaties, IGOs

Convention on the Political Rights of Women

1953 T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the Specialized Agencies

1947 T g FAO Bodies, Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations

1946 T g United Nations Bodies, Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

CRPD 2006 T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Convention Relating to Conflicts of Laws with Regard to the Effects of Marriage on the Rights and Duties of the Spouses in Their Personal Relationship and with Regard to Their Estates

1905 T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Convention Relating to Deprivation of Civil Rights and Similar Measures of Protection

1905 T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Convention Relating to Registration of Rights in Respect of Vessels under Construction

1967 T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Convention Relating to the Settlement of Guardianship of Minors

1902 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention Relative to Certain Restrictions on the Rights of Capture in Maritime War

1907 T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Convention Relative to the Rights of Aliens

1902 T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Convention Respecting the Free Navigation of the Suez Canal

1888 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention Respecting the Prohibition of Night Work for Women in Industrial Employment

1906 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention Respecting the Rights and Duties of Neutral Powers and Persons in War on Land, 1901

1901 T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Convention Respecting the Rights and Duties of Neutral Powers and Persons in War on Land, 1907

1907 T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Convention Respecting the Rights and Duties of Neutral Powers in Maritime War

1907 T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Cooperacció, Spain

1994 Barcelona Spain G

Coopération internationale de promotion et aides au développement

CIPAD 1995 Othée Belgium G

Coördinatiecentrum Mensenhandel

CoMensha Amersfoort Netherlands G Human Rights Organizations, Foundations

Coordinating Board of Jewish Organizations

CBJO 1947 E y Humanitarian Organizations, International Federations, Human Rights Organizations

Coordinating Body for the Indigenous Organizations of the Amazon Basin

1984 Quito Ecuador F Human Rights Organizations

Coordination of Action Research on AIDS and Mobility - Asia

CARAM Asia 1997 Kuala Lumpur Malaysia G Human Rights Organizations

Coordination of Nongovernmental Organizations for International Development Cooperation

1986 Rome Italy G Humanitarian Organizations

Copenhagen Initiative for Central America and Mexico

CIFCA 1991 Brussels Belgium E y International Federations, Human Rights Organizations

Corona Worldwide

1950 London UK F

Correlation - European Harm Reduction Network

Correlation Network Amsterdam Netherlands F Human Rights Organizations

Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos

Corte IDH 1978 San José Costa Rica F g Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

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