Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

Gender Equality


While the world has achieved progress towards gender equality and women’s empowerment under the Millennium Development Goals (including equal access to primary education between girls and boys), women and girls continue to suffer discrimination and violence in every part of the world.

Gender equality is not only a fundamental human right, but a necessary foundation for a peaceful, prosperous and sustainable world. Unfortunately, at the current time, 1 in 5 women and girls between the ages of 15-49 have reported experiencing physical or sexual violence by an intimate partner within a 12-month period and 49 countries currently have no laws protecting women from domestic violence. Progress is occurring regarding harmful practices such as child marriage and FGM (Female Genital Mutilation), which has declined by 30% in the past decade, but there is still much work to be done to complete eliminate such practices.

Providing women and girls with equal access to education, health care, decent work, and representation in political and economic decision-making processes will fuel sustainable economies and benefit societies and humanity at large. Implementing new legal frameworks regarding female equality in the workplace and the eradication of harmful practices targeted at women is crucial to ending the gender-based discrimination prevalent in many countries around the world.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II Type III

Community Charter of Fundamental Social Rights for Workers

European Social Charter 1989 T g Treaties, European Union Bodies, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Community Court of Justice

1991 Abuja Nigeria F g IGOs

Community Engagement Voluntary Service

1972 Turin Italy G

Community Information, Empowerment and Transparency

CIET International 1985 New York NY USA G

Community Plant Variety Office

CPVO 1995 Angers France E g European Union Bodies, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Community World Service Asia

1954 Karachi Pakistan F Humanitarian Organizations

Concern Worldwide

1968 Dublin Ireland G Humanitarian Organizations

Conectas Human Rights

2001 Sao Paulo Brazil G Human Rights Organizations

Confederación de Adolescencia y Juventud de Iberoamérica y el Caribe

CODJAJIC 2000 C

Conference of European Justice and Peace Commissions

1971 Brussels Belgium F Human Rights Organizations

Conference of Ministers of Justice of French-Speaking Countries

S c Conference Series

Conference of Non-Governmental Organizations in Consultative Relationship with the United Nations

CONGO 1948 Geneva Switzerland E y United Nations Bodies, Humanitarian Organizations, International Federations

Conferência das Jurisdições Constitucionais dos Paises de Lingua Portuguesa

CJCPLP 2008 Maputo Mozambique C g Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

CONGO Committee on Human Rights

Geneva Switzerland E United Nations Bodies, Human Rights Organizations

Congo Heart of Africa

CHA Yeoville South Africa N

Congregation of Our Lady - Canonesses of Saint Augustine

1597 R Religious Orders

Congregation of the Apostolic Carmel

1868 Bangalore India R Religious Orders

Congress of Racial Equality

CORE 1942 New York NY USA G

Conscience - the Peace Tax Campaign

1979 London UK G Human Rights Organizations

Constituency for Africa

CFA 1990 Washington DC USA G

Consumers International

CI 1960 London UK B y International Federations, Human Rights Organizations

Convention Against Discrimination in Education

1960 Paris France T g Treaties, UNESCO Bodies, IGOs

Convention Against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment

1984 T g Humanitarian Organizations, Treaties, IGOs

Convention and Statute on Freedom of Transit

1921 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention Concerning Discrimination in Respect of Employment and Occupation

1958 Geneva Switzerland T g ILO Bodies, Treaties, IGOs

Convention Concerning Employment of Women During the Night, 1919

1919 Geneva Switzerland T g ILO Bodies, Treaties, IGOs

Convention Concerning Employment of Women During the Night, 1934

1934 Geneva Switzerland T g ILO Bodies, Treaties, IGOs

Convention Concerning Equal Opportunities and Equal Treatment for Men and Women Workers: Workers with Family Responsibilities

1981 Geneva Switzerland T g ILO Bodies, Treaties, IGOs

Convention Concerning Equal Remuneration for Men and Women Workers for Work of Equal Value

1951 Geneva Switzerland T g ILO Bodies, Treaties, IGOs

Convention Concerning Equality of Treatment for National and Foreign Workers as Regards Workmen's Compensation for Accidents

1925 Geneva Switzerland T g ILO Bodies, Treaties, IGOs

Convention Concerning Equality of Treatment of Nationals and Non-nationals in Social Security

1962 Geneva Switzerland T g ILO Bodies, Treaties, IGOs

Convention Concerning Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organize

1948 Geneva Switzerland T g ILO Bodies, Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Convention Concerning Migrations in Abusive Conditions and the Promotion of Equality of Opportunity and Treatment of Migrant Workers

1975 Geneva Switzerland T g ILO Bodies, Treaties, IGOs

Convention Concerning Night Work of Women Employed in Industry

1948 Geneva Switzerland T g ILO Bodies, Treaties, IGOs

Convention Concerning Protection of the Rights to Organize and Procedures for Determining Conditions of Employment in the Public Service

1978 Geneva Switzerland T g ILO Bodies, Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Convention Concerning the Application of the Principles of the Right to Organize and to Bargain Collectively

1949 Geneva Switzerland T g ILO Bodies, Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Convention Concerning the Employment of Women before and After Childbirth

1919 Geneva Switzerland T g ILO Bodies, Treaties, IGOs

Convention Concerning the Employment of Women on Underground Work in Mines of all Kinds

1935 Geneva Switzerland T g ILO Bodies, Treaties, IGOs

Convention Concerning the Establishment of an International Scheme for the Maintenance of Rights under Invalidity, Old-age and Widows' and Orphans' Insurance

1936 Geneva Switzerland T g ILO Bodies, Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Convention Concerning the Establishment of an International System for the Maintenance of Rights in Social Security

1982 Geneva Switzerland T g ILO Bodies, Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Convention Concerning the Legal Status, Privileges and Immunities of Inter-state Economic Organizations Active in Certain Spheres of Cooperation

1980 T g Intergovernmental Communities, Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Convention Concerning the Right of Association and the Settlement of Labour Disputes in Non-metropolitan Territories

1947 Geneva Switzerland T g ILO Bodies, Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Convention Concerning the Rights of Association and Combination of Agricultural Workers

1921 Geneva Switzerland T g ILO Bodies, Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Dignity of the Human Being with regard to the Application of Biology and Medicine: Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine

1997 Strasbourg France T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms

1950 Strasbourg France T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Women and Children

1947 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Women of Full Age

1947 T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention of the Privileges and Immunities of the League of Arab States

1953 T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters

Århus Convention 1998 Geneva Switzerland T g Treaties, IGOs

Convention on Duties and Rights of States in the Event of Civil Strife

1928 Washington DC USA T g Treaties, Human Rights Organizations, IGOs

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