Japanese Red Army (JRA)

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History

Feb 1971, Japan, by Fusako Shigenobu, as an international terrorist group, deriving from the 'Japanese Communist League - Red Army Faction'. Also known as Anti-Imperialist International Brigade (AIIB); Nippon Sekigun; Nihon Sekigun; Holy War Brigade; Anti-War Democratic Front. By the early 1980s no longer active in Japan and almost entirely dependent on the PFLP for financing, training and weaponry. Founder Fusako Shigenobu was arrested Nov 2000 in Osaka (Japan) and sentenced in Feb 2006 to 20 years prison.

Aims

Use any means, political or violent, including terrorism, to overthrow the Japanese government and monarchy and to foment world revolution.

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Activities

Attacks include bombings, airport massacres and aircraft hijacking. The group had about 40 members at its height and was once one of the most feared terrorist groups in the world.

Structure

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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

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Members

Members in 0 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Societal Problems
    • Maltreatment
  • Defence
    • Military Forces
    • Espionage, Subversion
  • Government
    • Political
    • Revolution
  • International Relations
    • Peacekeeping
  • Idealism
    • Idealism

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions

UIA Org ID

N7939

Last News Received

2006
* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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