General Court of the European Communities (CFI)
Tribunal des Communautés européennes
Tribunal de las Comunidades Europeas
Gericht der Europäischen Gemeinschaften
Tribunal das Comunidades Européias
Tribunale delle Comunità Europee
Gerecht van de Europese Gemeenschappen
Europeiska Gemenskapernas Förstainstansratt
Europaeiske Faellesskabers Ret
Euroopan Yhteisöjen Ensimmäisen Oikeusasteen Tuomioistuin
Cúirt Chéadchéime na gCómhphobal Eorpach
Protodikio ton Evropaikon Kinotiton
24 Oct 1988, by Decision of E-XE3068 - Council of the European Union; Commenced operations 31 Oct 1989. The power to establish such a Court was conferred upon the Council by Article 168a of EEC Treaty, Article 140a of Euratom Treaty and Article 32d of ECSC Treaty. These articles were added to the respective Treaties by the Single European Act of 1985. Under those provisions the Court is attached to the F-XF0668 - Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) as an institution of the H-XF0662 - European Communities (EC). Rules of Procedure were adopted 2 May 1991, applicable from 1 Jul 1991. Original title: Court of First Instance of the European Communities (CFI) -- Tribunal de première instance des Communautés européennes -- Tribunal de Primera Instancia de las Comunidades Europeas -- Gericht erster Instanz der Europäischen Gemeinschaften -- Tribunal de Primeira Instância das Comunidades Européias -- Tribunale di Primo Grado delle Comunità Europee -- Gerecht van Eerste Aanleg van de Europese Gemeenschappen -- Europeiska Gemenskapernas Förstainstansratt -- Europaeiske Faellesskabers Ret i Første Instans -- Euroopan Yhteisöjen Ensimmäisen Oikeusasteen Tuomioistuin -- Cúirt Chéadchéime na gCómhphobal Eorpach -- Protodikio ton Evropaikon Kinotiton. When T-XT2073 - Treaty of Lisbon came into force and the European Communities integrated into F-XF2147 - European Union (EU), ceased to exist, 1 Dec 2009.
Similar to the European Court of Justice, ensure that the law is observed in the interpretation and application of Treaties constituting the European Communities and the provisions adopted by competent Community institutions.
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ActivitiesAvailable with paid subscription only.
27 Judges, of which one serves as President, appointed for a term of 6 years by common accord of the governments of the 27 Member States. Sits in 8 Chambers of 3 or 5 Judges, and occasionally as a single Judge. Registry. Seat at European Court of Justice.
FinanceAvailable with paid subscription only.
Relations with Inter-Governmental OrganizationsAvailable with paid subscription only.
Relations with Non-Governmental OrganizationsAvailable with paid subscription only.
MembersAvailable with paid subscription only.
Type I ClassificationAvailable with paid subscription only.
Type II ClassificationAvailable with paid subscription only.
Subjects *Available with paid subscription only.
UN Sustainable Development Goals **
UIA Org ID
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.
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