General Court of the European Communities (CFI)

Tribunal des Communautés européennes
Tribunal de las Comunidades Europeas
Gericht der Europäischen Gemeinschaften
Tribunal das Comunidades Européias
Tribunale delle Comunità Europee
Gerecht van de Europese Gemeenschappen
Europeiska Gemenskapernas Förstainstansratt
Europaeiske Faellesskabers Ret
Euroopan Yhteisöjen Ensimmäisen Oikeusasteen Tuomioistuin
Cúirt Chéadchéime na gCómhphobal Eorpach
Protodikio ton Evropaikon Kinotiton

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History

24 Oct 1988, by Decision of Council of the European Union; Commenced operations 31 Oct 1989. The power to establish such a Court was conferred upon the Council by Article 168a of EEC Treaty, Article 140a of Euratom Treaty and Article 32d of ECSC Treaty. These articles were added to the respective Treaties by the Single European Act of 1985. Under those provisions the Court is attached to the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) as an institution of the European Communities (EC). Rules of Procedure were adopted 2 May 1991, applicable from 1 July 1991. Original title: Court of First Instance of the European Communities (CFI) -- Tribunal de première instance des Communautés européennes -- Tribunal de Primera Instancia de las Comunidades Europeas -- Gericht erster Instanz der Europäischen Gemeinschaften -- Tribunal de Primeira Instância das Comunidades Européias -- Tribunale di Primo Grado delle Comunità Europee -- Gerecht van Eerste Aanleg van de Europese Gemeenschappen -- Europeiska Gemenskapernas Förstainstansratt -- Europaeiske Faellesskabers Ret i Første Instans -- Euroopan Yhteisöjen Ensimmäisen Oikeusasteen Tuomioistuin -- Cúirt Chéadchéime na gCómhphobal Eorpach -- Protodikio ton Evropaikon Kinotiton. When Treaty of Lisbon came into force and the European Communities integrated into European Union (EU), ceased to exist, 1 Dec 2009.

Aims

Similar to the European Court of Justice, ensure that the law is observed in the interpretation and application of Treaties constituting the European Communities and the provisions adopted by competent Community institutions.

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Activities

Creation of General Court instituted a judicial system based on two levels of jurisdiction - all cases heard at first instance by the Court of First Instance may be subject to a right of appeal to the Court of Justice on points of law only. Has jurisdiction to hear and determine at first instance all direct actions brought by individuals and Member States, with the exception of those to be assigned to a 'judicial panel' and those reserved for the Court of Justice. On basis of possibility introduced by the Nice Treaty to create specialized tribunals, adopted on 2 Nov 2004 decision establishing European Union Civil Service Tribunal, composed of 7 judges, functioning since 2005. Tribunal's decisions subject to right of appeal before the Court of First Instance on points of law only and decisions given by the Court of First Instance in this area may exceptionally be subject to review by the Court of Justice. From 1989 to 31 Dec 2009, has decided 6,784 cases of a total of 7,975 cases brought before the Court; 1,191 cases pending as of 31 Dec 2009.

Structure

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Financing

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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 3 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 3 non-governmental organizations.
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Members

Members in 27 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Law
    • Law
    • Tribunals, Courts

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions

UIA Org ID

F1202

Last News Received

20. Oct 2011
* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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