United Nations Iran-Iraq Military Observer Group (UNIIMOG)

Groupe d'observateurs militaires des Nations Unies pour l'Iran et l'Iraq (GOMNUII)

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History

9 Aug 1988, by resolution 619 (1988) of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC), as part of United Nations Peace-keeping Operations (DOMP), within the framework of the United Nations (UN), to verify, confirm and supervise the cease fire and withdrawal by Iraq and the Islamic Republic of Iran of all forces to the internationally recognized boundaries, as described in operative paragraph 2 of United Nations resolution 598 (1987), and otherwise assist the parties, as may be mutually agreed. Ceased to exist Feb 1991.

Aims

(a) Establish with the parties agreed cease fire lines on the basis of the forward defended localities occupied by the two sides on D Day (20 Aug 1988) but adjusting these, as may be agreed, when the positions of the two sides are judged to be dangerously close to each other; (b) monitor compliance with the cease fire; (c) investigate any alleged violations of the cease fire and restore the situation if a violation has taken place; (d) prevent, through negotiation, any other change in the status quo, pending withdrawal of all forces to the internationally recognized boundaries; (e) supervise, verify and confirm the withdrawal of all forces to the internationally recognized boundaries; (f) thereafter, monitor the cease fire on the internationally recognized boundaries, investigate alleged violations and prevent, through negotiation, any other change in the status quo, pending negotiation of a comprehensive settlement; (g) obtain agreement of the parties to other arrangements which, pending negotiation of a comprehensive settlement, could help to reduce tension and build confidence between them, such as the establishment of areas of separation of forces on either side of the international border, limitations on the number and calibre of weapons to be deployed in areas close to the international border, and patrolling by United Nations naval personnel of certain sensitive areas in or near the Shatt al-Arab.

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Activities

As of 24 July 1990, 5,810 complaints of (mainly minor) violations had been received; 10% were confirmed. Both alleged and confirmed violations are declining.

Structure

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Staff

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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 2 inter-governmental organizations.
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Publications

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Members

Members in 25 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Defence
    • Military Forces
    • Cease-Fire, Surrender
  • International Relations
    • United Nations

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions

UIA Org ID

F0686

Last News Received

31. Jul 1991
* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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