International Criminal Tribunal

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by: Foundation for the Establishment of an International Criminal Court (FEICC); International Criminal Law Commission (ICLC); International Association of Penal Law (IAPL). In particular the Tribunal is the aim of Prof Cherif Bassiouni. Also referred to in English as International Tribunal. Most recent draft statute published 1992. Not yet in existence.

Originally, two drafts for an International Court were developed by the United Nations in 1951 and 1953, and much international dialogue has ensued, work having been carried out by International Law Commission (ILC) in particular. Also concerned: Siracusa International Institute for Criminal Justice and Human Rights (SII). The first international criminal court may be said to have been established in 1474, Breisach (Germany), when 27 judges of the Holy Roman Empire judged and condemned Peter von Hagenbach for allowing rape, murder and pillage by his troops. Following several similar precedents and a number of initiatives for a permanent international criminal court, XXth century efforts include: provisions of the Treaty of Peace between the Allied and Associated Powers and Germany (Treaty of Versailles) for prosecution of Kaiser Wilhelm II (abandoned); Commission on the Responsibilities of the Authors of the War and on the Enforcement of Penalties for Violations of the Laws and Customs of War (1919), including recommendations for prosecution of responsible Turkish officials for alleged killing of 600,000 Armenians - covered by the Treaty of Sèvres which was never ratified, being replaced by Treaty of Peace between the Allied Powers and Turkey (Treaty of Lausanne) which failed to address the question; protocol of Convention for the Prevention of Terrorism and Punishment of Terrorism containing a statute for an international criminal tribunal, the Convention for the creation of an international criminal court (never entered into effect); Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (Genocide Convention) of 9 Dec 1948, in force 12 Jan 1951.

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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 2 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 1 non-governmental organizations.
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Members in 0 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Societal Problems
    • Crime
  • Law
    • Tribunals, Courts

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions



Last News Received

* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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