1995-05-15 Lisbon Portugal
15 May 1995, Lisbon (Portugal), at Ministerial Meeting of H-XD3431 - Western European Union (WEU), by Lisbon Declaration. Previously acted as a FAWEU - Force Answerable to WEU. Activation ceremony, 9 Nov 1996, Florence (Italy), presided over by Ministers of Defence of the 4 signatory countries. Operational capability declared 9 Jun 1998. Also referred to as European Rapid Reaction Force. Full title: EUROFOR - European Rapid Operational Force. Dissolved 2 Jul 2012.
Strengthen European security and defence identity as a multinational rapid-reaction force capable of deploying a brigade/division level land component command headquarters; provide a flexible, adequate and timely response to existing defence challenges with deployment and command of a land force of brigade/division strength (about 5,000 - 15,0000 troops), capable of conducting peacekeeping, humanitarian and peace-enforcement missions.
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Defined as a Brigade/Division strength European multinational Operational Rapid Reaction Force, specifically adapted to Petersberg missions, although ERF has no permanent operational forces under its command. Command receives political and military directives from the multinational Inter-Ministerial (Foreign Affairs and Defence) High Level Committee (CIMIN), comprising Chiefs of Defence (CHODs) of the Ministry of Defence and the Foreign Policy Directors of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Headquarters is capable of assuming Brigade/Division and Land Component Command (LCC) responsibilities. The Force is generated for specific mission based requirements from National Force Reservoirs provided by France, Italy, Portugal and Spain, at ERF's disposal. There is no lead nation; the 4 main positions (Commanding General; COS; ACOS LOGISTICS; ACOS OPERATIONS) rotate among nations every 2 years. The Force is organized in predetermined National Reserves, including Command Assets, Combat Units (infantry, armour) and Combat Support Units (artillery, engineers and army aviation) on the basis of modularity adapted to different situation requirements. Divisions (2): Operations, including Permanent Cells - Intelligence Operations, Combat Support and Signal; Logistics, including Permanent Cells - Personnel, Logistics, Transport and Civic-Military. Additional Cells: Legal; Finance; Security; Public Relations. Permanent headquarters, EUROFOR Commander, Secretariat and staff located in Florence (Italy).
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