United Nations Special Commission for the Elimination of Iraq's Weapons of Mass Destruction (UNSCOM)

Commission spéciale des Nations Unies chargée du désarmement en Iraq

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History

3 Apr 1991, pursuant to paragraph 9 (b) (i) of resolution 687 (1991) of United Nations Security Council (UNSC) within the framework of United Nations (UN), adopted under Chapter VII of UN Charter, as a subsidiary organ of the Security Council (resolution 715, Paragraph 4). Proper title: United Nations Special Commission. Replaced by United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission (UNMOVIC), Dec 1999, with same mandate.

Aims

Identify, account for, and eliminate Iraq's weapons of mass destruction - chemical and biological and ballistic missiles with a range greater than 150 km - and capacity to produce such; ensure that Iraq does not reacquire such weapons.

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Activities

UNSCOM's activities comprise 3 major components: destruction of Iraq's banned capabilities, the major portion of which has now been completed; monitoring of Iraq's dual-purpose industrial base to ensure that it is used solely for non-proscribed purposes and not for the reaquisition of banned weapons; monitoring of sales and supplies to Iraq of dual-purpose items. The mechanism for this last activity was adopted by the Security Council Mar 1996. However, the number of notifiable dual-use goods flowing to Iraq is small given the fact that general sanctions against the sale of goods to Iraq, other than food and medical supplies, are still enforced under United Nations Security Council resolution 661 (1990).

Structure

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Financing

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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 1 inter-governmental organizations.
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Publications

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Members

Members in 22 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Fundamental Sciences
    • Chemicals
  • Biosciences
    • Biology
  • Societal Problems
    • Destruction
  • Defence
    • Arms
  • International Relations
    • United Nations

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 15: Life on Land

UIA Org ID

E3037

Last News Received

1. Dec 2000
* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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