United Nations Iraq-Kuwait Observation Mission (UNIKOM)

Mission d'observation de l'ONU en Irak et au Koweït (MONUIK)

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History

9 Apr 1991, as part of United Nations Peace-keeping Operations (DOMP), by United Nations Security Council (UNSC) pursuant to resolution 689 (1991), within United Nations System, in the framework of United Nations (UN). United Nations Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO) was also involved in setting up UNIKOM. Headquarters in Umm Qasr (Iraq). Set up for an indefinite period with modalities reviewed every 6 months. Mandate suspended 17 Mar 2003.

Aims

Monitor the demilitarized zone established along the border between Iraq and Kuwait and the Khawr'Abd Allah waterway; deter violations of the boundary through presence in and surveillance of the demilitarized zone; observe any hostile action mounted from the territory of one state against another. From Feb 1993, terms of reference extended so as to take physical action to prevent violation of the DMZ and the newly demarcated border between Iraq and Kuwait.

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Activities

Initially UNIKOM was an unarmed observation mission, without the capacity to prevent entry of military personnel or equipment into the demilitarized zone (DMZ). The governments of Iraq and Kuwait were responsible for maintenance of law and order in their respective parts of the zone. However, on 5 Feb 1993, following a series of incidents, UNIKOM capacity was increased to prevent or redress small-scale violations of the DMZ, violations of the boundary by civilians or police and possible problems arising from the presence of Iraqi installations and citizens and their assets on the Kuwaiti side of the border. While military observers continue their original responsibilities, a mechanized infantry battalion provides reinforcement patrols in sensitive areas, a force mobile reserve for rapid deployment to prevent or redress small-scale DMZ or boundary violations and also security for UNIKOM installations. Operations are thus based on a combination of patrol and observation bases, observation points, ground and air patrols, vehicle check points and road blocks, a force mobile reserve, investigation teams and liaison with the parties at all levels. Khawr'Abd Allah Waterway Monitoring Project, commenced operation 15 Feb 2000, is directly under the control of the Force Commander and covers the waterways plus the land area patrolled from UNIKOM patrol and observation base on the Al Faw peninsula. 'Other Activities': maintains contact and provides technical support to other UN missions in the area and to the UN office concerned with return of property from Iraq to Kuwait; provides movement control in respect of all UN aircraft operating in the area; provided assistance in relocating Iraqi citizens from the Kuwaiti side of the international boundary; coordinates with Iraqi and Kuwaiti authorities in cases of unauthorized border crossings and in response to requests to facilitate repatriation.

Structure

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Staff

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Financing

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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 2 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 1 non-governmental organizations.
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Members

Members in 33 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Research, Standards
    • Inspection, Tests
  • Government
    • Frontiers
  • International Relations
    • United Nations
    • Peacekeeping

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions

UIA Org ID

F2271

Last News Received

2003
* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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