Organization of Central American States

Organisation des Etats centroaméricains
Organización de Estados Centroamericanos (ODECA)

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1951-10-14 San Salvador El Salvador


Established on signature of a Charter seeking to re-establish the unity of Central America, which entered into force 9 Jan 1952, on ratification by Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala (Guatemala), Honduras and Nicaragua. Commenced functioning in 1955.

New Charter, signed 12 Dec 1962, Panama, entered into force 30 Mar 1965.

Establishment was preceded by several attempts to resuscitate H-XU9384 - Central American Union, set up 1825, which ceased to exist in 1838. Programs of the Organization and activities of its departments were suspended from 2 Jul 1973, but the General Secretariat continued to act as depositary for Central American economic treaties, agreements and protocols.

Organization ceased to exist, 13 Dec 1991, by T-XT9191 - Protocol of Tegucigalpa, when it was replaced by F-XF2858 - Central American Integration System.


Strengthen the bonds between the Central American nations; consult with one another in order to prevent any misunderstanding and further peaceful settlement of disputes; promote economic, social and cultural development.


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Executive Council, consisting of Foreign Ministers of the member states or their representatives. The representatives of the Foreign Ministers to the Executive Council meet about every 2 weeks. The Central American Bureau -- Oficina Centroamericana serves as General Secretariat, under the direction of the Executive Council.


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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

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UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 10: Reduced InequalityGOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions



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* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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