Organization of Central American States

Organisation des Etats centroaméricains
Organización de Estados Centroamericanos (ODECA)

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History

14 Oct 1951, San Salvador (El Salvador), on signature of a Charter seeking to re-establish the unity of Central America, which entered into force 9 Jan 1952, on ratification by Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala (Guatemala), Honduras and Nicaragua. Commenced functioning in 1955. New Charter, signed 12 Dec 1962, Panama, entered into force 30 Mar 1965. Establishment was preceded by several attempts to resuscitate Central American Union, set up 1825, which ceased to exist in 1838. Programs of the Organization and activities of its departments were suspended from 2 July 1973, but the General Secretariat continued to act as depositary for Central American economic treaties, agreements and protocols. Organization ceased to exist, 13 Dec 1991, by Protocol of Tegucigalpa, when it was replaced by Central American Integration System (SICA).

Aims

Strengthen the bonds between the Central American nations; consult with one another in order to prevent any misunderstanding and further peaceful settlement of disputes; promote economic, social and cultural development.

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Activities

Various subsidiary organs. Telecommunications Treaty signed 26 Apr 1966, Managua (Nicaragua). Instrumental in setting up Central American Common Market (CACM), through General Treaty on Central American Economic Integration, 1960 - signed 13 Dec 1960, effective June 1961. Costa Rica acceded to the Treaty, 23 June 1962. Instrumental in setting up: Central American Parliament (PARLACEN); Central American Tourism Council (CCT).

Agreements concluded under ODECA auspices:

 • Treaty of Economic Association;

 • Central American Agreement on Fiscal Incentives to Industrial Development, 1962;

 • Central American Convention on the Unification of the Fundamental Norms of Education;

 • Convention on the Exercise of Professional Occupations and Recognition of University Studies;

 • Protocol to the General Treaty of Central American Economic Integration - List of Merchandise Subject to Temporary Exceptions to the Free Trade between Costa Rica and Each of the other Member States;

 • Protocol to the General Treaty of Central American Economic Integration - Central American Uniform Customs Code;

 • Special Protocol on Basic Grains;

 • Protocol to the Central American Agreement on Fiscal Incentives to Industrial Development, 1966;

 • Telecommunications Treaty;

 • Third Protocol to the General Treaty of Central American Economic Integration to Guarantee Free Trade in Paper and Glass Containers;

 • Multilateral Treaty on Social Security;

 • Protocol to the Agreement on Equalization of Import Charges and to the Agreement on the System of Central American Integrated Industries;

 • Central American Treaty for the Protection of Industrial Property;

 • Protocol to the General Treaty of Central American Economic Integration - Emergency Measures to Protect the Balance of Payments, 1968;

 • Protocol to the General Treaty of Central American Economic Integration - Emergency Measures to Protect the Balance of Payments, 1973;

 • Third Protocol to the Central American Agreement on Fiscal Incentives to Industrial Development.

Structure

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Languages

Spanish.

Financing

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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 2 inter-governmental organizations.
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Relations with Non-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 1 non-governmental organizations.
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Members

Members in 5 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Government
    • Nation State
    • Intergovernmental Communities

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 10: Reduced InequalityGOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions

UIA Org ID

D3033

Last News Received

1993
* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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