Arolsen Archives - International Center on Nazi Persecution
1943 London UK
Established 1943, London (UK), on the initiative of the Allied Forces Headquarters at the British Red Cross, London (UK), when Department of International Affairs was transformed into a Tracing Bureau. Tasks subsequently undertaken by H-XH1390 - Supreme Headquarters of the Allied Expeditionary Forces (SHAEF), which set up Central Tracing Bureau, 15 Feb 1944. Location of the bureau moved along with the Front to Versailles (France), and then to Frankfurt-Main (Germany FR). Then taken over by the H-XH0988 - United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA), until 30 Jun 1947. Relocated Jan 1946, Arolsen (Germany FR). Taken over by H-XH2408 - International Refugee Organization (IRO), 1 Jul 1947. 1 Jan 1948, name changed to International Tracing Service (ITS) – Service International de Recherches – Internationaler Suchdienst. Placed under management of H-XH0044 - Allied High Commission for Germany (HICOG), Apr 1951. Direction and administration assumed by the F-XF1623 - International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in Geneva (Switzerland), 1955. Archive opened to research pursuant to new agreement concluded between member states of the International Commission. ICRC withdrew from ITS management, Dec 2012. Commission signed 2 new agreements on both the future and administration of the ITS, replacing all previous ones, Jan 2013, when German Federal Archives became the new institutional partner.
Serve as a centre for documentation, information and research on Nazi persecution, forced labour and the Holocaust; advocate the intrinsic values of democracy, freedom, dignity and tolerance.
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International Commission of 11 member governments. Legally based on the Berlin agreements which came into force Jan 2013, replacing the Bonn agreements from 1955.
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