Development through Alternation


Anthony Judge

#1 This term is borrowed from Maruyama (51, 52, 53, 54)

#2 Currently special adviser to Francois Mitterrand.

#2 cf Bateson: "A self-healing tautology, which is also a sphere, a multidimensional sphere" (29, p. 207)

#3 In the light of the possibility of insights from generator design, this suggests the possible importance of polyphase revolutionary cycles (in an engineering sense) as a necessary basis for an adequate meta-answer.

#4 The concern of marxists with "concrete" situations is presumably the way in which a fourth focus is introduced to anchor the three of the dialectic.

#5 Handy notes the marked correspondence to the four organizational characters of Michael Maccoby (126): jungle fighter, company man, gamesman, and craftsman.

#6 As is implied by the Club of Rome report "No Limits to Learning" (44) in terms of the trivial sense that there is some new permutation of possibilities reported every day (e.g. in the media). This aspect of the report was criticized in an earlier paper (81).

#7 Given the fundamental role of the benzene molecular configuration as the basis for most living organic structures, it is worth asking (in the light of section 5.2.) why it is composed of six atoms. In answer is that it combines minimal strain on the distribution of each carbon atoms four valency bonds, and that it results in a minimal energy configures (119). It is worth reflecting on this model in the light of the research showing that the upper limit for effective committee or task force organization, the basis for social organization, is seven, plus or minus one (120, 121).

#8 Also worth exploring is the contrasting concept of a "resonance particle" in nuclear physics. This is any exceedingly unstable high energy partivle, which may be considered as a composite of several relatively stable low energy particles, into which it may decay.

#9 A more complex 64-phase learning cycle is that in the Chinese "Book of Changes" which was discussed in an earlier paper (34). A simpler one is the 3-phase dialectical process. Tentative descriptions of cycles involving from 1 to 20 phases are given in an earlier paper (22, Appendix 2).

#10 These are in fact aspects of the multi-facetted definitions of left- and right-hemisphere thinking discussed earlier.

#11 There are a number of features of E Haskell's coaction cardioid diagram (66) which could be reinterpreted to enrich Diagram 7.

#12 This diagram bears some relationship to that indicating stable isotopes of increasing atomic weight.

#13 A spiral representation could be developed from a combination of Diagrams 6 and 7.

#14 Platonic tuning theory forms part of the mathematics of Diophantine approximation.

#15 Aside from the pattern creating function of visions, Sheldrake does not exclude the possiblity that future systems may exert an impact on present systems by morphic resonance (128, p. 96)

#16 "This dialectical movement in which a force, in its fullest development, turns into its opposite is called enantiodromia, a concept from ancient alchemy that was reintroduced into modern philosophy by C.G. Jung" (12, p. 41) It may be seen at work in the frequently remarked "convergence" between the supposedly opposed policies of the USA and the USSR.

# 16 As the purveyor of a new "answer" he is then obliged to state "Of one thing there can be no doubt. The entropy view will triumph." (105, p. 9)

#17 A review and analysis of such fourfold structures is made by Maria-Louise von Franz (12)

#18 Note the subtler significance of initiative (.......) in the Japanese game of go.

#19 Note that in this metaphor "one-sided" games are eventually self-defeating. They do not ensure game quality, nor does the ability to monopolize the ball.

#20 Bohm's work (discussed below) is perhaps the mathematical formulation appropriate to heterogeneity.

#21 Vickers demonstrates that "The nature of the trap is a function of the nature of the trapped." (57, p. 69)

#22 The sets of basic categories defining the UNU GPID project, for example, is compared in an earlier paper with those of traditional cultures or of non-social science disciplines (23).

#23 Consider the numbered elements in (numbered) sets of any governmental resolution, programme or medium-term plan. The seemingly arbitrary (Cartesian) approach to such numbering contributes to their alienating effect, and to the disharmony between them.