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Primates are a diverse order of mammals. They are divided into the strepsirrhines, which include the lemurs, galagos, and lorisids, and the haplorhines, which include the tarsiers and the simians. Primates arose 85–55 million years ago first from small terrestrial mammals, which adapted to living in the trees of tropical forests: many primate characteristics represent adaptations to life in this challenging environment, including large brains, visual acuity, color vision, a shoulder girdle allowing a large degree of movement in the shoulder joint, and dextrous hands. Primates range in size from Madame Berthe's mouse lemur, which weighs 30 g (1 oz), to the eastern gorilla, weighing over 200 kg (440 lb). There are 376–524 species of living primates, depending on which classification is used. New primate species continue to be discovered: over 25 species were described in the 2000s, 36 in the 2010s, and three in the 2020s.

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Organizations relating to Primates

Société francophone de primatologie / Niederhausbergen, France / Est. 1987
European Federation for Primatology / Rome, Italy / Est. 1993
Save the Orangutan / Copenhagen, Denmark
Jane Goodall Institute / London, UK / Est. 1977
Great Ape Project / Sao Paulo, Brazil / Est. 1994
Australasian Primate Society / Magill SA, Australia / Est. 1982
Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund International / Atlanta GA, USA / Est. 1978
Primate's World Relief and Development Fund / Toronto ON, Canada / Est. 1959
Wild Chimpanzee Foundation / Leipzig, Germany
International Gorilla Conservation Programme / Nairobi, Kenya / Est. 1978
Bonobo Conservation Initiative / Washington DC, USA
Sociedad Latinoamericana de Primatologia / Est. 1986
Conservation Through Public Health / Entebbe, Uganda
International Center of Hominology / Moscow, Russia
Agreement on the Conservation of Gorillas and Their Habitats / Bonn, Germany / Est. 2007
People Against Chimpanzee Experiments / Est. 1991
Primate Vaccine Evaluation Network / Rijswijk, Netherlands
Coalition to End Experiments on Chimpanzees in Europe
Primate Conservation / Charlestown RI, USA
Centre européen des primates
Association of Primate Veterinarians / Memphis TN, USA / Est. 1973
International Primatological Society / Porto Alegre, Brazil / Est. 1964
European Primate Veterinarians / Niederhausbergen, France / Est. 2007
Ape Alliance / Stroud, UK / Est. 1996
African Primatological Society / Est. 2016
Great Apes Survival Project / Nairobi, Kenya
Orangutan Foundation International / Los Angeles CA, USA / Est. 1986
Gibbon Conservation Center / Santa Clarita CA, USA / Est. 1977
European Marmoset Research Group / Basel, Switzerland / Est. 1994
International Primate Protection League / Summerville SC, USA / Est. 1973

View all profiles (34 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Primates

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Inhumane use of non-human primates in research
Threatened species of Primates
Threatened species of Pongo pygmaeus
Threatened species of Presbytis thomasi
Threatened species of Trachypithecus cristatus

Action Strategies relating to Primates

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Increasing quantity of experimental non-human primates
Caring for gorillas
Conserving primates
Studying primates
Claiming equal rights for primates
Conserving lemurs

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