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Botany, also called plant science(s), plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology. A botanist, plant scientist or phytologist is a scientist who specialises in this field. The term "botany" comes from the Ancient Greek word βοτάνη (botanē) meaning "pasture", "grass", or "fodder"; βοτάνη is in turn derived from βόσκειν (boskein), "to feed" or "to graze". Traditionally, botany has also included the study of fungi and algae by mycologists and phycologists respectively, with the study of these three groups of organisms remaining within the sphere of interest of the International Botanical Congress. Nowadays, botanists study approximately 410,000 species of land plants of which some 391,000 species are vascular plants, and approximately 20,000 are bryophytes.

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Organizations relating to Botany

Organization for Flora Neotropica / Bronx NY, USA / Est. 1964
Nordic Lichen Society / Tartu, Estonia / Est. 1975
Phytochemical Society of Asia / Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia / Est. 2007
International Association for Lichenology / Ithaca NY, USA / Est. 1967
Asian Pacific Phycological Association / Warrnambool, Australia / Est. 1993
Seeds of Peace / New York NY, USA / Est. 1993
WTO Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures / Est. 1993
Organization for the Phyto-Taxonomic Investigation of the Mediterranean Area / Palermo, Italy / Est. 1974
International Society of Environmental Botanists / Lucknow, India / Est. 1994
Asia and Pacific Seed Association / Bangkok, Thailand / Est. 1994
Euroseeds / Brussels, Belgium
International Phycological Society / Philadelphia PA, USA / Est. 1960
Association of Spanish Speaking Palynologists / Salamanca, Spain / Est. 1978
International Symposium for Photosynthetic Prokaryotes
International Association of Wood Anatomists / Beijing, China / Est. 1931
Scandinavian Association of Pollination Ecology / Aarhus, Denmark
European Botanical and Horticultural Libraries Group / London, UK / Est. 1994
Society for Economic Botany / Marrakech, Morocco / Est. 1959
International Botanical Congress / Shenzhen, China / Est. 1900
Phyto-sanitary Convention for Africa South of the Sahara / Est. 1954
Australasian Society of Phycology and Aquatic Botany / Wellington, New Zealand / Est. 1980
People and Plants International / Bristol VT, USA / Est. 1992
Aril Society International / Carlton TX, USA / Est. 1956
Group of European Charophytologists / Ohrid, North Macedonia / Est. 1987
Jardins botaniques de France et des pays francophones / Bordeaux, France / Est. 1979

View all profiles (84 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Botany

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Monopolization of agricultural genetic resources
Inadequate plant quarantine
Infestation of seeds
Chemical contamination of seeds
Threatened species of Presbytis thomasi
Threatened species of Trachypithecus cristatus
Threatened cool temperate wet forest habitats
Biological air pollutants
Eichornia crassipes
Threatened species of Mycophycophyta

Action Strategies relating to Botany

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Making effective use of medicinal plants

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