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Botany, also called plant science(s), plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology. A botanist, plant scientist or phytologist is a scientist who specialises in this field. The term "botany" comes from the Ancient Greek word βοτάνη (botanē) meaning "pasture", "grass", or "fodder"; βοτάνη is in turn derived from βόσκειν (boskein), "to feed" or "to graze". Traditionally, botany has also included the study of fungi and algae by mycologists and phycologists respectively, with the study of these three groups of organisms remaining within the sphere of interest of the International Botanical Congress. Nowadays, botanists study approximately 410,000 species of land plants of which some 391,000 species are vascular plants, and approximately 20,000 are bryophytes.

From Wikipedia

Organizations relating to Botany

West African Botanists Association
Organization for Flora Neotropica / Bronx NY, USA / Est. 1964
ESF Network on Insect-Plant Interactions / Est. 1990
Nordic Lichen Society / Tartu, Estonia / Est. 1975
Phytochemical Society of Asia / Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia / Est. 2007
International Association for Lichenology / Ithaca NY, USA / Est. 1967
Asian Pacific Phycological Association / Warrnambool, Australia / Est. 1993
International Federation of Phytosociology / Est. 1982
Seeds of Peace / New York NY, USA / Est. 1993
WTO Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures / Est. 1993
Nordic Joint Group for Forest Seed Research
North African Seed Bank
ASEAN Forest Tree Seed Centre Project / Est. 1981
International Commission for Algology
Organization for the Phyto-Taxonomic Investigation of the Mediterranean Area / Palermo, Italy / Est. 1974
Association of Fodder Seed Producer Houses in the EC / Est. 1969
Phycological Society of Southern Africa / Est. 1981
International Society of Environmental Botanists / Lucknow, India / Est. 1994
Monitoring Institute for Rare Breeds and Seeds in Europe / Est. 1995
Asia and Pacific Seed Association / Bangkok, Thailand / Est. 1994
Centre africain de recherche et de formation phytosanitaires
European Seed Association / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 2000
International Association of Botanists / Est. 1901
International Council of Botanic Medicine / Est. 1938
International Phycological Society / Philadelphia PA, USA / Est. 1960

View all profiles (138 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Botany

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Threatened species of Phylloscopus
Threatened species of Limnocythere porphyretica
Threatened species of Phylloscopus tytleri
Threatened species of Oedemeridae
Threatened species of Trachypithecus johnii
Threatened species of Tortricidae
Threatened species of Mycophycophyta
Threatened species of Lygaeidae
Threatened species of Newnhamia insolita
Threatened species of Newnhamia fuscata
Threatened species of Agromyzidae
Leaf spots
Threatened species of Zonocypretta kalimna
Threatened species of Centrolenidae
Threatened species of Oryzoborus
Threatened species of Phasmida
Threatened species of Trachypithecus
Threatened species of Irenidae
Decline in genetic diversity of seed stocks
Threatened species of Bruchidae
Threatened species of Xenopirostris polleni
Threatened species of Nandidae
Threatened species of Coreidae
Threatened species of Cicadellidae

Action Strategies relating to Botany

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Making effective use of medicinal plants
Maintaining database on plants
Promoting horticultural study
Conserving vulnerable vegetable germplasm
Exploring hybrid seed varieties
Studying pathogenic fungi
Expanding research on plants
Establishing international phytosanitary standards
Coordinating seed quality development
Decriminalizing coca leaf production
Studying palaeobotany
Searching for plants with medical properties
Researching fungi
Exchanging seeds
Developing botanic gardens
Reporting malpractice in botany
Testing seeds
Developing personal contacts among botanists
Disseminating phycological information
Securing initial capital investment
Purchasing seeds
Understanding seed money concept
Communicating photosynthesis research
Locating wild grown seeds
Producing leaf concentrate

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