Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources

Life Below Water


The world’s oceans – their temperature, chemistry, currents and life – drive global systems that make the Earth habitable for humankind. Our rainwater, drinking water, weather, climate, coastlines, much of our food, and even the oxygen in the air we breathe, are all ultimately provided and regulated by the sea. Throughout history, oceans and seas have been vital conduits for trade and transportation.

Careful management of this essential global resource is a key feature of a sustainable future. However, at the current time, there is a continuous deterioration of coastal waters owing to pollution and ocean acidification is having an adversarial effect on the functioning of ecosystems and biodiversity. This is also negatively impacting small scale fisheries.

Marine protected areas need to be effectively managed and well-resourced and regulations need to be put in place to reduce overfishing, marine pollution and ocean acidification.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II

African Ministerial Conference on the Environment

AMCEN Nairobi Kenya F cg

African Network for Basin Organizations

ANBO 2002 Dakar Senegal E

African Network for Environment and Economic Justice

ANEEJ 1995 Benin City Edo Nigeria G

African Rainforest Conservancy

ARC 1991 New York NY USA G

African Sea Kayak Society, The

TASK 1997 Cape Town South Africa N

African Women Leaders in Agriculture and the Environment

AWLAE 1990 Nairobi Kenya G

African-Asian Rural Development Organization

AARDO 1962 Delhi Delhi India C g

AfriMAB Network

1996 Paris France F

AfriOceans Conservation Alliance

AOCA 2003 Fish Hoek South Africa G

Afrique verte

Montreuil France G y

Agence de l'eau Rhin-Meuse

1964 Moulins-lès-Metz France G g

Agence Panafricaine de la Grande Muraille Verte

APGMV 2010 Nouakchott Mauritania D g

Agence pour la Solidarité Internationale, la Culture, le Développement et l'Environnement

AMORCES Paris France G

Agreed Measures for the Conservation of Antarctic Fauna and Flora

1964 T g

Agreement between the Central African States Concerning the Creation of a Special Fund for the Conservation of Wild Fauna

1983 T g

Agreement Concerning Cooperation for the Saving of Human Lives and Assistance to Vessels and Aircraft in Distress in the Black Sea

1956 T g

Agreement Concerning Cooperation in Marine Fishing

1962 T g

Agreement Concerning Cooperation in Taking Measures Against Pollution of the Sea by Oil

1971 T g

Agreement Concerning Cooperation to Ensure Compliance with the Regulations for Preventing the Pollution of the Sea by Oil

1967 T g

Agreement Concerning Interim Arrangements Relating to Polymetallic Nodules of the Deep Sea Bed

1982 T g

Agreement Concerning Measures for the Protection of the Stocks of Deep-sea Prawns

1952 T g

Agreement Concerning Protection of the Salmon in the Baltic Sea

1962 T g

Agreement Concerning Research on the Effects of Radioactivity in the Sea

1961 T g

Agreement Concerning the Protection of the Waters of the Mediterranean Shores

RAMOGE agreement 1976 T g

Agreement Concerning the Regulations of Lake Inari by Means of the Kaitakoski Hydro - Electric Power Station and Dam

1959 T g

Agreement Concerning the Voluntary Contributions to be Given for the Execution of the Project to Preserve and Develop the Monumental Site of Mohenjodaro

1980 T g

Agreement Concerning the Voluntary Contributions to be Given for the Execution of the Project to Preserve Borobudur

1973 T g

Agreement for Cooperation and Consultation between the Central African States for the Conservation of Wild Fauna

1983 T g

Agreement for Joint Financing of North Atlantic Ocean Stations

1974 T g

Agreement for the Implementation of the Provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea Relating to the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks

1995 T g

Agreement on Conservation of Polar Bears

1973 T g

Agreement on Cooperation for the Sustainable Development of the Mekong River Basin

1995 T g

Agreement on Illicit Traffic by Sea, Implementing Article 17 of the United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances

1995 Strasbourg France T g

Agreement on Port State Measures to Prevent, Deter and Eliminate Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing

2009 T g

Agreement on Reciprocal Access to Fishing in the Skagerrak and the Kattegat

1966 T g

Agreement on the Action Plan for the Environmentally Sound Management of the Common Zambezi River System

1987 T g

Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels

ACAP 2001 Hobart TAS Australia T g

Agreement on the Conservation of Cetaceans of the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea and contiguous Atlantic Area

ACCOBAMS 1996 Monte Carlo Monaco T g

Agreement on the Conservation of Gorillas and Their Habitats

2007 Bonn Germany T g

Agreement on the Conservation of Populations of European Bats

EUROBATS 1991 Bonn Germany T g

Agreement on the Conservation of Seals in the Wadden Sea

1990 Wilhelmshaven Germany T g

Agreement on the Conservation of Small Cetaceans of the Baltic, North East Atlantic, Irish and North Seas

ASCOBANS 1992 Bonn Germany T g

Agreement on the Exploitation and Conservation of the Maritime Resources of the South Pacific

1952 T g

Agreement on the Preparation of a Tripartite Environmental Management Programme for Lake Victoria

1994 T g

Agreement on the Preservation of the Confidentiality of Data Concerning Deep Seabed Areas

1986 T g

Agreement on the Privileges and Immunities of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea

1997 T g

Agreement on the Protection of Confidentiality of Data Related to Deep Sea-bed Areas for Which Application of Authorisation Has Been Made

1984 T g

Agreement on the Regulation of North Pacific Whaling

1970 T g

Agreement on the Resolution of Practical Problems with Respect to Deep Seabed Mining Areas

1987 T g

Agreement on Transboundary Cooperation with a View to Preventing or Limiting Harmful Effects for Human Beings, Property or the Environment in the Event of Accidents

1989 T g

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