United Nations Observation Mission in Liberia (UNOMIL)

Mission d'observation des Nations Unies au Libéria (MONUL)

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22 Sep 1993, following resolution 856 (1993) of E-XE3376 - United Nations Security Council (UNSC), 10 Aug 1993, as part of United Nations Peace-keeping Operations, within F-XF1000 - United Nations System, in the framework of A-XA3375 - United Nations (UN). Set up following signature of the Cotonou peace agreement, 25 Jul 1993, between parties to the conflict in Liberia, allowing for a cease-fire with effect from 1 Aug 1993, and agreeing on delivery of humanitarian assistance. Initial mandate: 7 months, subsequently extended several times. Operation completed Sep 1997.


Work closely with ECOMOG in facilitating implementation of military aspects of the Cotonou (Benin) peace agreement, in particular monitoring implementation procedures so as to verify their impartial application. In addition to military aspects, mandate includes: assistance in coordination of humanitarian activities; observation and verification of elections; reporting on major violations of humanitarian law.


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Military and civilian components led by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General, to whom the Chief Military Observer in command of the military component reports. Regional headquarters (4): central; western; northern; eastern. Team sites (up to 39). Demobilization centres (3, one for each of the warring parties). Authorized strength as of 30 Nov 1994: 303 military observers; 20 military medical personnel; 45 military engineers.


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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

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Subjects *

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UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong InstitutionsGOAL 17: Partnerships to achieve the Goal



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* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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