United Nations Compensation Commission (UNCC)
Commission d'indemnisation de l'ONU
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20 May 1991, by resolution of United Nations Security Council (UNSC), as a subsidiary organ of the Security Council, to administer United Nations Compensation Fund -- Fonds d'indemnisation de l'ONU. Previously also referred to in French as Commission de compensation de l'ONU. Comes within the framework of United Nations (UN), based at United Nations Office at Geneva (UNOG). As a subsidiary organ of the Security Council, operates within the framework of the Council's resolutions, particularly resolutions 687 (1991), 692 (1991), 1483 (2003), 1546 (2004) and 1956 (2010), that together established the Commission, its jurisdiction, its policy guidelines and its financing.
Process claims; administer the UN Compensation Fund and ensure payment of successful claims for any direct loss, damage, including environmental damage and the depletion of natural resources, or injury to foreign governments, nationals and corporations, as a result of Iraq's unlawful invasion and occupation of Kuwait in accordance with Security Council resolution 687 (1991).Available with paid subscription only.
The Commission accepted for filing claims of individuals, corporations and governments, submitted by some 100 governments, as well 13 international organizations for individuals who were not in a position to have their claims filed by a government. Since 1991, it received about 2.7 million claims seeking a total of about US$ 325,500 million in compensation. Legal responsibility and liability of Iraq for losses and damage was established by the Security Council and expressly accepted by the Government of Iraq. The Commission is thus neither a court nor a tribunal with an elaborate adversarial process. Rather, it was created as a claims resolution facility that could make determinations on a large number of claims in a reasonable time. As such, it operates more in an administrative manner than in a litigation format. Claims processing procedures were prescribed by the Secretary-General and were further elaborated by the Governing Council in a number of its decisions, which have been implemented by the panels of Commissioners.
Processing of claims concluded mid-2007. Nineteen panels of commissioners reviewed and evaluated submitted claims and reported recommendations to Governing Council. Total compensation awarded: US$ 52,400 million. Since 2007, principal areas of activity: servicing Governing Council; payment of outstanding awards; management of Follow-up Programme for Environmental Awards. As of Oct 2011, paid out about US 35,200 million to successful claimants.
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- Societal Problems
- International Relations
- United Nations
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