Specific Programme for Research and Technological Development in the Field of Information Technologies (ESPRIT)
Feb 1984, as European Strategic Programme for Research and Development in Information Technology, by Member States of the European Economic Community, initially as a 10-year programme. Extended under 4th Framework Programme for Community Research and Development (1994-1998). Organized through Directorate-General III of E-XE2442 - European Commission (EC). Ceased to exist under 5th Framework Programme, when united with U-XK0957 - Advanced Communications Technologies and Services Programme (ACTS) and U-XK0900 - TELEMATICS in U-XE3585 - Information Society Technologies Programme (IST Programme).
Focusing on needs of users and the market, and especially on firms in the European Union: develop recognized expertise in Europe in microprocessor technology, supercomputers and neural networks, new business organization methods and computer-assisted manufacturing; focus Europe's research and development effort by bringing together government representatives, industrialists and academics to concentrate on key areas of information technology and achieve a consensus on technological objectives; strengthen the technology base needed for commercial success through industrial research projects in key information technology (IT) areas at the precompetitive stage; transfer technology across national borders and from research laboratories and universities to industry.
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