Specific Programme for Research and Technological Development in the Field of Information Technologies (ESPRIT)
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Feb 1984, as European Strategic Programme for Research and Development in Information Technology, by Member States of the European Economic Community, initially as a 10-year programme. Extended under 4th Framework Programme for Community Research and Development (1994-1998). Organized through Directorate-General III of E-XE2442 - European Commission (EC). Ceased to exist under 5th Framework Programme, when united with U-XK0957 - Advanced Communications Technologies and Services Programme (ACTS) and U-XK0900 - TELEMATICS in U-XE3585 - Information Society Technologies Programme (IST Programme).
Focusing on needs of users and the market, and especially on firms in the European Union: develop recognized expertise in Europe in microprocessor technology, supercomputers and neural networks, new business organization methods and computer-assisted manufacturing; focus Europe's research and development effort by bringing together government representatives, industrialists and academics to concentrate on key areas of information technology and achieve a consensus on technological objectives; strengthen the technology base needed for commercial success through industrial research projects in key information technology (IT) areas at the precompetitive stage; transfer technology across national borders and from research laboratories and universities to industry.
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