Open Partial Agreement on the Prevention of, Protection against and Organization of Relief in Major Natural and Technological Disasters (EUR-OPA Major Hazards Agreement)
Accord partiel ouvert en matière de prévention, de protection et d'organisation des secours contre les risques naturels et technologiques majeurs (Accord EUR-OPA risques majeurs)
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Created 20 Mar 1987, within the framework of D-XD0435 - Council of Europe (CE), on adoption of Resolution 87 (2) by E-XE8838 - Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe, as an intergovernmental platform for cooperation in the field of major natural and technological disasters between Eastern and Central Europe, the South of the Mediterranean and Western Europe. Original title in English: European Open Partial Agreement on Prevention of and Protection Against Major Natural and Technological Disasters (OPA). Agreement named "Open Partial" because any State, whether a member or not of the Council of Europe, may apply to accede to it.
Reinforce and promote cooperation among member states in a multi-disciplinary context to ensure better prevention, protection and organization of relief in the event of major natural or technological disasters by calling on current resources and knowledge to ensure efficient and interdependent management of major disasters.
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Ministerial Meeting (every 4-5 years), is decision-making body. Committee of Permanent Correspondents and its Bureau (both meet annually). Meeting of the Directors of Specialized Euro-Mediterranean Centres (annual). Specialized Euro-Mediterranean Centres:
- Algeria - Biskra: G-XE4211 - Euro-Mediterranean Centre for Research on Arid Areas (CRSTRA);
- Armenia - Yerevan: G-XG8678 - European Interregional Scientific and Educational Centre on Major Risk Management (ECRM);
- Azerbaijan - Baku: G-XG8677 - European Centre on Training and Formation of Local and Regional Authorities and Population in the Field of Natural and Technological Disasters (ECMHT);
- Belgium - Brussels: 'Higher Institute of Emergency Planning (ISPU)';
- Bulgaria - Sofia: U-XE3886 - European Centre for Risk Prevention (ECRP);
- Bulgaria - -Sofia: Bulgarian National Training Centre;
- Cyprus - Nicosia: G-XG9627 - European Centre for Disaster Awareness with the Use of Internet, Cyprus;
- France - Bruyères-le-Châtel: E-XE4846 - European-Mediterranean Seismological Centre (EMSC);
- France - Biarritz: Specialized European Centre on Coastal Risks;
- France - Strasbourg: E-XE1884 - European Centre on Geomorphological Hazards;
- Georgia - Tbilisi: G-XG8674 - European Centre on Geodynamic Hazards of High Dams (EC GHHD);
- Germany - Freiburg: G-XM1095 - Global Fire Monitoring Centre (GFMC);
- Greece - Athens: G-XJ4633 - European Centre for Forest Fires (ECFF);
- Greece - Athens: U-XE1904 - European Centre on Prevention and Forecasting of Earthquakes (ECPFE);
- Italy - Ravello: G-XG4267 - European University Centre for Cultural Heritage, Ravello;
- Luxembourg - Walferdange: E-XE1071 - European Centre for Geodynamics and Seismology (ECGS);
- Malta - Valletta: E-XE1163 - Euro-Mediterranean Centre on Insular Coastal Dynamics (ICoD);
- Moldova - Chisinau: G-XG1076 - European Centre for Mitigation of Natural Risks (ECMNR);
- Morocco - Rabat: G-XG8673 - Euro-Mediterranean Centre on Evaluation and Prevention of Seismic Risk (CEPRIS);
- North Macedonia - Skopje: U-XG8671 - European Centre for Vulnerability of Industrial and Lifelines Systems (ECILS);
- Portugal - Lisbon: G-XG1066 - European Centre on Urban Risks (CERU);
- Romania - Bucharest: G-XJ4139 - European Centre for Rehabilitation of Buildings (ECBR);
- Russia - Moscow: E-XE1905 - European Centre of New Technologies for the Management of Natural and Technological Major Hazards (ECNTRM);
- San Marino: E-XD1543 - European Centre for Disaster Medicine;
- Spain - Madrid: G-XG1904 - European Centre for Research into Techniques for Informing the Population in Emergency Situations;
- Turkey - Ankara: G-XG1461 - European Natural Disasters Training Centre, Ankara (AFEM);
- Ukraine - Kiev: G-XG8672 - European Centre of Technological Safety (TESEC).
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