International Conference on Central American Refugees (CIREFCA)

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Sep 1988, by the governments of Mexico, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala (Guatemala), Honduras and Nicaragua with support from United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). First conference: May 1989, Guatemala. Ceased activities May 1994.


Concerted Plan of Action (1989-1994): identify permanent solutions to the problems of uprootedness within the framework of national development and as an integral part of efforts towards peace and democracy; respect the right of refugees to return voluntarily to their countries to resume normal life through promotion of voluntary repatriation as the ideal solution; where voluntary repatriation is not realistic, help refugees to play a wider and more positive role in countries of asylum by encouraging interaction with local communities; improve the situation of displaced persons so they may return to normal, productive life in their places of origin; counteract negative impact that uprooted populations may have on employment, social services, economic conditions and the environment in receiving countries by ensuring, inter alia, that programme also benefit the local population.

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Projects cover a wide range of needs, from general infrastructure development and national reconstruction to meeting specific requirements of individual communities in countries of origin and in countries of asylum. From 1989-1994 a total of US$ 420 million was spent on projects, including US$ 80 million channelled through UNHCR. By mid-1994, 70,000 Nicaraguans, 30,000 Salvadoreans and 18,000 Guatemalans had voluntarily returned home while thousands were integrating into asylum countries.


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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Society
    • Exiles
    • Refugees
    • Foreigners
  • Peace
    • Rights

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 5: Gender EqualityGOAL 10: Reduced InequalityGOAL 16: Peace and Justice Strong Institutions



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* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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