African International Association
Association internationale africaine
1876-09 Brussels Belgium
Sep 1876, Brussels (Belgium), at the instigation of Leopold II, King of the Belgians, as the "English" African International Association of explorers, geographers and philanthropists, in order to "civilize" and "assist evangelization" of Central Africa and the introduction of commerce and modern industry. The original intention was for a headquarters in Brussels, with individual national committees organized and financed by their respective countries. In the event, only Belgium had an active national committee, with Leopold II as director and source of finance. However attention focused on the Congo Basin after the discovery of the Congo River in 1877, with the founding of H-XH4854 - Association internationale du Congo (AIC), also at the instigation of Leopold II, in Nov 1878. The African association became inactive, finally ceasing activities in 1885, when the independent State of Congo was created.
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