Communist International (Comintern)
Mar 1919, as an association of national communist parties, deriving from H-XH5700 - Zimmerwald Association. This had been set up 8 Sep 1915, Zimmerwald (Switzerland), at 1st Zimmerwald Conference, as a social democratic association representing temporary coalition between the revolutionary internationalists calling themselves the Zimmerwald Left and the majority which had more or less centrists tendencies, and was officially dissolved by a resolution of 1st congress of the Comintern. Comintern emerged from the break up of H-XH0182 - Second International, a socialist international association of workers' parties. Also known as the Third International -- Troisième internationale and sometimes as Komintern. Last congress 1935. Dissolved 25 May 1943 by Stalin. Set up: 20 Nov 1919, Berlin (Germany), the H-XH0171 - Communist Youth International (CYI), crystallizing the U-XF0768 - International Youth Movement; 1922, at 4th Congress, the H-XH0143 - International Organization for Aid to Revolutionaries (IOAR). H-XH0139 - International Working Union of Socialist Parties was set up 1921, Vienna (Austria), by groups that refused to join either the Second International or the Third International. H-XH0141 - Fourth International was founded, 3 Sep 1938, Périgny (France), as a multinational group of Trotskyist organizations formed in opposition to Comintern. Instrumental in setting up H-XM6213 - International Association of Red Sports and Gymnastics Associations.
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