Communist International (Comintern)
Mar 1919, as an association of national communist parties, deriving from Zimmerwald Association. This had been set up 8 Sep 1915, Zimmerwald (Switzerland), at 1st Zimmerwald Conference, as a social democratic association representing temporary coalition between the revolutionary internationalists calling themselves the Zimmerwald Left and the majority which had more or less centrists tendencies, and was officially dissolved by a resolution of 1st congress of the Comintern. Comintern emerged from the break up of Second International, a socialist international association of workers' parties. Also known as the Third International -- Troisième internationale and sometimes as Komintern. Last congress 1935. Dissolved 25 May 1943 by Stalin. Set up: 20 Nov 1919, Berlin (Germany), the Communist Youth International (CYI), crystallizing the International Youth Movement; 1922, at 4th Congress, the International Organization for Aid to Revolutionaries (IOAR). International Working Union of Socialist Parties was set up 1921, Vienna (Austria), by groups that refused to join either the Second International or the Third International. Fourth International was founded, 3 Sep 1938, Périgny (France), as a multinational group of Trotskyist organizations formed in opposition to Comintern. Instrumental in setting up International Association of Red Sports and Gymnastics Associations.Available with paid subscription only.
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