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Description

Paper is a thin sheet material produced by mechanically or chemically processing cellulose fibres derived from wood, rags, grasses or other vegetable sources in water, draining the water through fine mesh leaving the fibre evenly distributed on the surface, followed by pressing and drying. Although paper was originally made in single sheets by hand, almost all is now made on large machines—some making reels 10 metres wide, running at 2,000 metres per minute and up to 600,000 tonnes a year. It is a versatile material with many uses, including printing, packaging, decorating, writing, cleaning, filter paper, wallpaper, book endpaper, conservation paper, laminated worktops, toilet tissue, currency and security paper and a number of industrial and construction processes.

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Organizations relating to Paper

International Association of Paper Historians / Birkerød, Denmark / Est. 1959
International Association of Hand Papermakers and Paper Artists / Est. 1986
European Committee of Printing and Paper Converting Machinery Manufacturers / Zurich, Switzerland / Est. 1957
Confederation of European Paper Industries / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1992
Paper and Related Industries Marketing Association / Graz, Austria / Est. 1970
Association of Nordic Paper Historians / Täby, Sweden / Est. 1968
European Liaison Committee for Pulp and Paper / Paris, France / Est. 1956
Paper by Nature / Est. 2008
Red Iberoamericana de Docencia e Investigación en Celulosa y Papel / Posadas, Argentina / Est. 2000
International Confederation of Paper and Board Converters in Europe / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1961
European Pulp Industry Sector Association / Helsinki, Finland
European Paper Recycling Council / Brussels, Belgium
European Kraft Paper Producers for the Flexible Packaging Industry / Stockholm, Sweden
Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry / Peachtree Corners GA, USA / Est. 1915
PapiNet / Est. 2000
High Conservation Value Resource Network / Oxford, UK / Est. 2006
Environmental Paper Network / Asheville NC, USA / Est. 2002
Appita - Australia and New Zealand Pulp and Paper Industry Technical Association / Melbourne VIC, Australia / Est. 1947
European Paper Forum
European Decorative and Stationery Plastics Foils Association / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1993
European Wallcovering Association
International Federation of Stationery, Office Machines and Furniture Associations
Martin Luther King Jr Papers Project / Stanford CA, USA / Est. 1985
Third Protocol to the General Treaty of Central American Economic Integration to Guarantee Free Trade in Paper and Glass Containers / Est. 1966
Intergovernmental Agreement on the Establishment of an Inter-African Motor Vehicle Third Party Liability Insurance Card / Est. 1978
Fédération internationale des associations des papetiers / Est. 1955
Nordiske Papiringeniørers Permanente Komite
Groupement européen 'Utipulp'
European Recovered Paper Association / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1995
International Card Technology Institute
International Forum for the White Paper
Paper, Allied-Industrial, Chemical and Energy Workers International Union / Est. 1999
Scandinavian Pulp, Paper and Board Testing Committee / Est. 1959
Confédération des fédérations papetières d'Europe
Federation of ASEAN Pulp and Paper Industries
World Containerboard Organization / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 2001
European Tissue Symposium / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1971
International Council of Forest and Paper Associations / Ottawa ON, Canada / Est. 2002
Latin American Paper Money Society / Elkridge MD, USA / Est. 1973
CEPI Cartonboard / Zurich, Switzerland
Alliance for Beverage Cartons and the Environment / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1995
Europulp / Est. 1999
IGI - The Global Wallcoverings Association / Lasne, Belgium / Est. 1950
Arab Federation for Paper, Printing and Packaging Industries / Beirut, Lebanon / Est. 1977
European Paper Merchants Association / Hamburg, Germany / Est. 1971
Internationale Forschungsgemeinschaft Deinking-Technik / Munich, Germany / Est. 1989

View all profiles (117 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

World Problems relating to Paper

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Environmental hazards of chlorine-bleached paper products
Deterioration of stored documents and archives
Environmental hazards from paper and printing industries
Waste paper
Paper shortage
Credit card fraud

Action Strategies relating to Paper

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Saving paper
Recycling paper
Protecting against environmental hazards from paper and printing industries
Promoting environmentally friendly paper products
Presenting proposal for collective examination
Reducing incidence of paper qualification syndrome
Relying on paper qualifications
Disposing of paper
Securing requisite civic papers
Individualizing papermakers
Manufacturing printing and paper converting machinery

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