Agriculture, Fisheries → Whaling
UN Sustainable Development Goals
Whaling is the hunting of whales for their usable products such as meat and blubber, which can be turned into a type of oil which became increasingly important in the Industrial Revolution. It was practiced as an organized industry as early as 875 AD. By the 16th century, it had risen to be the principal industry in the coastal regions of Spain and France. The industry spread throughout the world, and became increasingly profitable in terms of trade and resources. Some regions of the world's oceans, along the animals' migration routes, had a particularly dense whale population, and became the targets for large concentrations of whaling ships, and the industry continued to grow well into the 20th century. The depletion of some whale species to near extinction led to the banning of whaling in many countries by 1969, and to a worldwide cessation of whaling as an industry in the late 1980s. The earliest forms of whaling date to at least circa 3000 BC. Coastal communities around the world have long histories of subsistence use of cetaceans, by dolphin drive hunting and by harvesting drift whales. Industrial whaling emerged with organized fleets of whaleships in the 17th century; competitive national whaling industries in the 18th and 19th centuries; and the introduction of factory ships along with the concept of whale harvesting in the first half of the 20th century. By the late 1930s more than 50,000 whales were killed annually. In 1986, the International Whaling Commission (IWC) banned commercial whaling because of the extreme depletion of most of the whale stocks.
Organizations relating to Whaling
World Council of Whalers / Est. 1997
Protocol for the Regulation of Whaling / Est. 1945
Agreement on the Regulation of North Pacific Whaling / Est. 1970
Bureau of International Whaling Statistics / Est. 1930
Convention for the Regulation of Whaling / Est. 1931
International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling / Est. 1946
Supplementary Arrangements for the Regulation of Antarctic Pelagic Whaling / Est. 1962
International Network for Whaling Research / Cullowhee NC, USA / Est. 1991
Protocol to the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling / Est. 1956
Arrangements for the Regulation of Antarctic Pelagic Whaling / Est. 1962
International Association of Whaling Companies
International Agreement for the Regulation of Whaling / Est. 1937
International Whaling Commission / Impington, UK / Est. 1946
International League for the Protection of Cetaceans / Est. 1979
Global Whale Alliance / Est. 2001
World Problems relating to WhalingFrom the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential
Action Strategies relating to WhalingFrom the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential
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