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Paper is a thin sheet material produced by mechanically or chemically processing cellulose fibres derived from wood, rags, grasses, or other vegetable sources in water, draining the water through a fine mesh leaving the fibre evenly distributed on the surface, followed by pressing and drying. Although paper was originally made in single sheets by hand, almost all is now made on large machines—some making reels 10 metres wide, running at 2,000 metres per minute and up to 600,000 tonnes a year. It is a versatile material with many uses, including printing, painting, graphics, signage, design, packaging, decorating, writing, and cleaning. It may also be used as filter paper, wallpaper, book endpaper, conservation paper, laminated worktops, toilet tissue, currency, and security paper, or in a number of industrial and construction processes.

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Organizations relating to Paper

Europulp / Est. 1999
European Liaison Committee for Pulp and Paper / Paris, France / Est. 1956
European Paper Recycling Council / Brussels, Belgium
Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry / Peachtree Corners GA, USA / Est. 1915
Latin American Paper Money Society / Elkridge MD, USA / Est. 1973
Arab Federation for Paper, Printing and Packaging Industries / Beirut, Lebanon / Est. 1977
European Paper Forum
European Wallcovering Association
International Federation of Stationery, Office Machines and Furniture Associations
Martin Luther King Jr Papers Project / Stanford CA, USA / Est. 1985
Third Protocol to the General Treaty of Central American Economic Integration to Guarantee Free Trade in Paper and Glass Containers / Est. 1966
Intergovernmental Agreement on the Establishment of an Inter-African Motor Vehicle Third Party Liability Insurance Card / Est. 1978
Fédération internationale des associations des papetiers / Est. 1955
Nordiske Papiringeniørers Permanente Komite
Groupement européen 'Utipulp'
European Recovered Paper Association / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1995
International Card Technology Institute
International Forum for the White Paper
Paper, Allied-Industrial, Chemical and Energy Workers International Union / Est. 1999
Scandinavian Pulp, Paper and Board Testing Committee / Est. 1959
Confédération des fédérations papetières d'Europe
Federation of ASEAN Pulp and Paper Industries
Association of Nordic Paper Historians / Täby, Sweden / Est. 1968
HCV Network Ltd / Oxford, UK / Est. 2006
European Committee of Printing and Paper Converting Machinery Manufacturers / Zurich, Switzerland / Est. 1957
Red Iberoamericana de Docencia e Investigación en Celulosa y Papel / Posadas, Argentina / Est. 2000
European Pulp Industry Sector Association / Helsinki, Finland
European Decorative and Stationery Plastics Foils Association / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1993
PapiNet / Miamisburg OH, USA / Est. 2000
European Paper Packaging Alliance / The Hague, Netherlands
Paper and Related Industries Marketing Association / Graz, Austria / Est. 1970
International Network of Street Papers / Glasgow, UK / Est. 1994
European Rolling Paper Association / Berlin, Germany / Est. 1995
International Association of Hand Papermakers and Paper Artists / Est. 1986
Internationale Forschungsgemeinschaft Deinking-Technik / Munich, Germany / Est. 1989
IGI - The Global Wallcoverings Association / Lasne, Belgium / Est. 1950
International Council of Forest and Paper Associations / Ottawa ON, Canada / Est. 2002
World Containerboard Organization / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 2001
FINAT / The Hague, Netherlands / Est. 1958
Pulp and Paper Products Council / Montréal QC, Canada
European Manufacturers Paper Honeycomb Association / The Hague, Netherlands / Est. 2010
European Pulp and Paper Chemicals Group / Frankfurt-Main, Germany / Est. 2002
European Producers of Sack Kraft Paper and Kraft Paper / Stockholm, Sweden
International Association of Paper Historians / Birkerød, Denmark / Est. 1959
European Research Centre for Book and Paper Conservation-Restoration / Krems, Austria / Est. 2010
Environmental Paper Network / Asheville NC, USA / Est. 2002
CEPI ContainerBoard / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 2001
Alliance for Beverage Cartons and the Environment / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1995
European Association of Carton and Cartonboard manufacturers / Zurich, Switzerland / Est. 1988
Confederation of European Paper Industries / Brussels, Belgium / Est. 1992

View all profiles (118 total) in the Yearbook of International Organizations

Action Strategies relating to Paper

From the Encyclopedia of World Problems and Human Potential

Recycling paper
Promoting environmentally friendly paper products
Disposing of paper
Securing requisite civic papers
Presenting proposal for collective examination
Individualizing papermakers
Saving paper
Manufacturing printing and paper converting machinery
Relying on paper qualifications
Reducing incidence of paper qualification syndrome
Developing national environmental policy studies

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