Global Civil Society & the UN Sustainable Development Goals

Goal 12: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

Responsible Consumption & Production

Sustainable consumption and production is about promoting resource and energy efficiency, sustainable infrastructure, and providing access to basic services, green and decent jobs and a better quality of life for all. Its implementation helps to achieve overall development plans, reduce future economic, environmental and social costs, strengthen economic competitiveness and reduce poverty.

At the current time, material consumption of natural resources is increasing, particularly within Eastern Asia. Countries are also continuing to address challenges regarding air, water and soil pollution.

Since sustainable consumption and production aims at “doing more and better with less,” net welfare gains from economic activities can increase by reducing resource use, degradation and pollution along the whole life cycle, while increasing quality of life. There also needs to be significant focus on operating on supply chain, involving everyone from producer to final consumer. This includes educating consumers on sustainable consumption and lifestyles, providing them with adequate information through standards and labels and engaging in sustainable public procurement, among others.

Name Acronym Founded City HQ Country/Territory HQ Type I Type II

Agreement on Cooperation among Air Traffic Companies

1965 T g

Agreement on Government Procurement

1979 T g

Agreement on Import Licensing Procedures

1979 T g

Agreement on Products within the Province of the European Coal and Steel Community

T g

Agreement on Simplification of Visa Procedures for the Businessmen of ECO Countries

1995 T g

Agreement on Special Equipment for the Transport of Perishable Foodstuffs and on the Use of Such Equipment for the International Transport of Some of Those Foodstuffs

1962 T g

Agreement on Tariff of Navigation Dues at the Sulina Mouth of the Danube

1908 T g

Agreement on the Adoption of the Inter-American Manual on Traffic Control Devices for Streets and Highways

Agreement of Caracas 1979 Washington DC USA T g

Agreement on the Conservation of Albatrosses and Petrels

ACAP 2001 Hobart TAS Australia T g

Agreement on the Conservation of Cetaceans of the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea and contiguous Atlantic Area

ACCOBAMS 1996 Monte Carlo Monaco T g

Agreement on the Conservation of Gorillas and Their Habitats

2007 Bonn Germany T g

Agreement on the Conservation of Populations of European Bats

EUROBATS 1991 Bonn Germany T g

Agreement on the Conservation of Seals in the Wadden Sea

1990 Wilhelmshaven Germany T g

Agreement on the Conservation of Small Cetaceans of the Baltic, North East Atlantic, Irish and North Seas

ASCOBANS 1992 Bonn Germany T g

Agreement on the Exploitation and Conservation of the Maritime Resources of the South Pacific

1952 T g

Agreement on the Harmonisation of Fiscal Incentives to Industry

1973 T g

Agreement on the Importation of Educational, Scientific and Cultural Materials

1950 Paris France T g

Agreement on the International Carriage of Perishable Foodstuffs and on the Special Equipment to be Used for Such Carriage

ATP 1970 T g

Agreement on the Preservation of the Confidentiality of Data Concerning Deep Seabed Areas

1986 T g

Agreement on the System of Central American Integrated Industries

1958 T g

Agreement on the Temporary Importation, Free of Duty, of Medical, Surgical and Laboratory Equipment for Use on Free Loan in Hospitals and other Medical Institutions for Purposes of Diagnosis or Treatment

1960 Strasbourg France T g

Agreement Regarding Decennial Liability and Insurance of Certain Architects and Contractors

1979 T g

Agreement Relating to Governmental Supervision of Airworthiness, Operation and Maintenance of Aeroplanes Involved under the Technical Cooperation Agreements between KLM, SAS, Swissair and UTA

1972 T g

Agreement Relating to the Establishment of a Reserve of Industrial Diamonds Upon the North American Continent

1943 T g

Agreement Relating to the Naval and Air Bases Leased to the United States of America

1941 T g

Agreement Respecting Facilities to be Given to Merchant Seamen for the Treatment Venereal Disease

1924 T g

Agreement Respecting the Whangpoo Conservancy

1905 T g

Agreement to Promote Compliance with the International Conservation and Management Measures by Fishing Vessels on the High Seas

1993 Rome Italy T g

Agreement with a View to the Administrative and Technical Re-organization of the Southern Railway Company's System

1923 T g

Agreements Regarding the Regulation of Beef Imports into the United Kingdom

1939 T g


2003 Brussels Belgium C


2008 Borchtlombeek Belgium C y

Agroecology Fund

AEF 2012 F f

Agronomes et vétérinaires sans frontières

AVSF Nogent-sur-Marne France G

Aide internationale au développement et à l'enfance

AIDE Aublain Belgium G

Air and Waste Management Association

A and WMA 1907 Pittsburgh PA USA G

Air Baltic Corporation

1995 Riga Latvia F e

Albert Schweitzer Fellowship

1939 Boston MA USA G

Albertine Rift Conservation Society

ARCOS 1995 Cambridge UK E

Alcoa Foundation

1952 F f

All Terrain Vehicle Industry European Association

ATVEA 2003 Brussels Belgium D t

Alliance for a Competitive European Industry

ACEI 2004 Brussels Belgium E ty

Alliance for Affordable Internet

A4AI 2013 Washington DC USA E y

Alliance for Consumer Fire Safety in Europe

ACFSE 1998 G

Alliance for Food Sovereignty in Africa

AFSA 2008 Kampala Uganda D

Alliance for Responsible and Sustainable Societies

Wellington New Zealand E

Alliance for Responsible Mining

ARM 2004 Medellin Colombia D

Alliance for Social and Ecological Consumer Organisations


Alliance for Synthetic Fuels in Europe

ASFE 2006 Brussels Belgium F

Alliance for the Freedom of Car Repair in the EU

AFCAR Brussels Belgium E y