Food Aid Committee (FAC)

Comité de l'aide alimentaire
Comité de Ayuda Alimentaria

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History

1 July 1968, to administer Food Aid Convention (FAC) of International Grains Arrangement 1967, 15 Oct-30 Nov 1967, registered 1 May 1970, USA, which also included Wheat Trade Convention, 1967. The 1967 Convention was replaced by Food Aid Convention 1971 and, with Wheat Trade Convention, 1971, formed International Wheat Agreement, 1971 (IWA) negotiated by the UN Wheat Conference, Jan/Feb 1971, Geneva (Switzerland). The 1971 Convention came into force 1 July 1971 and was due to expire in 1974 but was extended by successive protocols until replaced by Food Aid Convention 1980, which still formed part of the 1971 IWA and which was extended twice by protocol.

During 1985, Food Aid Committee negotiated a new Food Aid Convention, 1986 (FAC), which entered into force 1 July 1986 as part of International Wheat Agreement, 1986 (IWA); subsequently extended to 30 June 1995. A new Food Aid Convention, 1995 (FAC) was negotiated by the Food Aid Committee during 1993 and 1994 and the text was finalized at a special Session of the Committee in Mar 1995. It came into force on 1 July 1995 as part of International Grains Agreement (IGA), initially for 3 years to 30 June 1998. Discussions on the need to improve effectiveness of food aid mechanisms and take account of declarations at the World Food Summit and WTO Ministerial Conference, Dec 1996, Singapore (Singapore), took place in the Food Aid Committee in 1997 and a working group to re-negotiate the Convention was established in Dec 1997. Meanwhile the FAC 1997 was extended for one year to 30 June 1999. The text of the new Food Aid Convention 1999 was finalized in Apr 1999 and came into force on 1 July 1999, for 3 years. Extended for one year in June 2002, for 2 further years in June 2003, for 2 further years in June 2005 and for 1 year in June 2007, June 2008, June 2009, June 2010 and June 2011. FAC 1999 remains part of the International Grains Agreement 1995.

Statutes registered in 'UNTS 1/10455', 'UNTS 1/11400'.

Aims

Contribute to food security and improve the ability of the international community to respond to emergency food situations and other food needs of developing countries; make food available on a predictable basis to developing countries with the greatest need, irrespective of world food prices and supplies; ensure that food aid is directed to alleviation of poverty and hunger of the most vulnerable groups.

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Activities

Members' commitments are expressed in tonnage and/or value; cost of transporting and delivering food is covered as far as possible by donors. Members give priority to least developed and low-income countries when allocating aid, which is supplied mainly in the form of cereals - although the list of eligible products has been extended to include edible oils, pulses, root crops, skimmed milk powder, sugar, seeds and products which are a component of recipients' traditional diets. Donors are urged to use their cash contributions to purchase food in developing countries, thus promoting local agricultural development. They emphasize the monitoring and evaluation of the impact and effectiveness of food aid operations and support efforts of recipient countries to develop and implement their own food security strategies.

Structure

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Languages

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Staff

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Relations with Inter-Governmental Organizations

Relations with 2 inter-governmental organizations.
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Publications

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Members

Members in 34 countries
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Type I Classification

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Type II Classification

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Subjects *

  • Amenities
    • Food
  • Societal Problems
    • Emergencies
  • Development
    • Aid
  • Peace
    • Humanitarian

UN Sustainable Development Goals **

GOAL 2: Zero HungerGOAL 10: Reduced InequalityGOAL 13: Climate ActionGOAL 17: Partnerships to achieve the Goal

UIA Org ID

C1748

Last News Received

2012
* Subject classification is derived from the organization names and aims.
** UN SDGs are linked to the subject classification.

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